Assessment of genetic variation among commercial tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L) varieties using SSR markers and morphological characteristics
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- Kwon, Y., Park, S. & Yi, S. Genes & Genomics (2009) 31: 1. doi:10.1007/BF03191132
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Simple sequence repeats (SSR) is one of the most suitable markers for variety identification as it has great discrimination power for varieties with limited genetic variation. Genetic characterization of commercial tomato varieties was investigated using 33 SSR markers and 22 morphological traits. Thirty three SSR primer pairs were screened for 63 tomato varieties. A total of 132 polymorphic amplified fragments were obtained by using 33 SSR markers. The average polymorphism information content (PIC) was 0.628 ranging from 0.210 to 0.880. One hundred thirty two SSR loci were used to calculate Jaccard's distance coefficients for UPGMA cluster analysis. A clustering group of varieties, based on the results of SSR analysis, were categorized into cherry and classic fruit type varieties. Almost all of the varieties were discriminated by SSR marker genotypes. The relationship between morphological and molecular data for 33 varieties out of 63 varieties was analyzed using Mantel matrix correspondence test. The correlation value between two methods was 0.644. However, SSR based dendrogram topology showed some similar form with morphological traits at the two main groups. Therefore, these markers may be used wide range of practical application in variety identification and pre-screening for distinctiveness test of tomato varieties.