European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 1–6

The role of positron emission tomography in the discovery and development of new drugs; As studied in laboratory animals

Authors

  • Peter Roselt
    • Centre for Positron Emission TomographyPeter MacCallum Cancer Centre
  • Steven Meikle
    • Department of PET and Nuclear MedicineRoyal Prince Alfred Hospital
  • Michael Kassiou
    • Department of PET and Nuclear MedicineRoyal Prince Alfred Hospital
    • Department of PharmacologyUniversity of Sydney
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF03190567

Cite this article as:
Roselt, P., Meikle, S. & Kassiou, M. European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics (2004) 29: 1. doi:10.1007/BF03190567

Summary

Drug discovery and development is time consuming and a costly procedure. The challenges for the pharmaceutical industry range from the evaluation of potential new drug candidates, the determination of drug pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, the measurement of receptor occupancy as a determinant of drug efficacy, and the pharmacological characterisation of mechanisms of action. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a powerful quantitative imaging technique for looking at biochemical pathways, molecular interactions, drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Recent advances in emission tomography, particularly the development of small animal PET scanners, image reconstruction and animal models of disease have led to the development of extremely sensitive and specific tools for imaging biochemical processes in vivo, therefore representing a new means of providing information for drug development and evaluation. Many human genes have a related mouse gene, allowing mice to be used as a platform for mimicking human disease, using knock-out and knock-in gene technology. Consequently PET imaging of rodents is emerging as a cost effective means of screening new pharmaceuticals and decreasing the time required for new drug development.

Keywords

Positron emission tomographydrug developmentsmall animal imaging

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004