Regular Paper

Journal of Visualization

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 17-25

First online:

Effect of rounded edged dimple arrays on the boundary layer development

  • Mitsudharmadi H. Affiliated withTemasek Laboratories, National University of Singapore Email author 
  • , Tay C. M. J 
  • , Tsai H. M 

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The effect of a turbulent boundary layer subjected to a series of rounded edged shallow dimple arrays with dimple depth ratios, d/D of 4%, 8% and 12% were experimentally studied. Measurements show the existence of a higher flow speed region at the center of each dimple. The spanwise distribution of the mean wall shear stress immediately downstream of the centers of the last row of dimples does not vary with dimple depth, and is about 45% over that without the dimple array. Turbulence measurements and surface flow visualization shows that the flow over the shallowest dimple differs from the deeper dimples. Flow separation observed with the deeper rounded edged dimples produce similar flow structures as those from sharp edged dimples reported in the literature. However flow separation is not observed when d/D=4% but instead two other higher speed regions either side accompany the central flow. The effects of the dimples are rapidly suppressed by the flat surfaces between of the dimples, and the flow rapidly reverts back to an unmanipulated flat boundary layer flow in these areas.


shallow dimple smooth edge dimple flow control wall shear stress turbulent flow