Journal of Visualization

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 257–272

Role of flow visualization in the development of UNICORN

  • Roquemore W. M. 
  • Katta V. R. 

DOI: 10.1007/BF03181442

Cite this article as:
Roquemore, W.M. & Katta, V.R. J Vis (2000) 2: 257. doi:10.1007/BF03181442


This paper describes how visualizations have been used in the development and evaluation of a reacting-flow-simulation model known as UNICORN (UNsteady Ignition and COmbustion with ReactioNs). UNICORN, which solves full Navier-Stokes equations, has evolved over a 6-year period and is perhaps one of the most thoroughly evaluated codes of its kind. It evolved hand-in-hand with experiments that have been conducted to test its ability to predict ignition, extinction, and the dynamic characteristics of diffusion and premixed flames of hydrogen, methane, and propane fuels and that are stabilized in different ways. This paper also describes how UNICORN has been used, in conjunction with experiments, to provide new insights into combusting flows. Also, predictions of unobserved phenomena that were later confirmed by experiments are described. This paper demonstrates that the judicious use of a well-validated simulation in conjunction with laser based diagnostics is an effective way of understanding complex combusting flows.


vorticesvisualizationflamescombustionlaser diagnosticsturbulence

Copyright information

© The Visualization Society of Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roquemore W. M. 
    • 1
  • Katta V. R. 
    • 2
  1. 1.Air Force Research LaboratoryWright-Patterson Air Force BaseUSA
  2. 2.Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.DaytonUSA