Abbruzzese, B. and S. G. Leibowitz. 1997. A synoptic approach for assessing cumulative impacts to wetlands. Environmental Management 21:457–475.PubMedCrossRef
Administrative Rules for Oregon’s Removal-Fill-Permit Program, OAR 141-85-005 to OAR 141-85-090. 1986. Oregon Division of State Lands, Salem, OR, USA.
Bedford, B. L. 1996. The need to define hydrologic equivalence at the landscape scale for freshwater wetland mitigation. Ecological Applications 6:57–68.CrossRef
Bedford, B. L. and E. M. Preston. 1988. Developing the scientific basis for assessing cumulative effects of wetland loss and degradation on landscape functions: status, perspectives, and prospects. Environmental Management 12:751–772.CrossRef
Brinson, M. M. 1993. A Hydrogeomorphic Classification for Wetlands. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station. Vicksburg, MS, USA. Technical Report WRP-DE-4.
Brinson, M. M. and R. Rheinhardt. 1996. The role of reference wetlands in functional assessment and mitigation. Ecological Applications 6:69–76.CrossRef
Clarke, S. E., D. White, and A. L. Schaedel. 1991. Oregon ecological regions and subregions for water quality management. Environmental Management 15:847–856.CrossRef
Cole, C. A. and R. P. Brooks. 1999. A comparison of the hydrologic characteristics of natural and created mainstem floodplain wetlands in Pennsylvania. Ecological Engineering. 12:(in press).
Confer, S. R. and W. A. Niering. 1992. Comparison of created and natural freshwater emergent wetlands in Connecticut (USA). Wetlands Ecology and Management 2:143–156.CrossRef
Cowardin, L. M., V. Carter, F. C. Golet, and E. T. LaRoe. 1979. Classification of wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC, USA. FWS/OBS-79/31.
Dahl, T. E. and C. E. Johnson. 1991. Status and Trends of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States, Mid-1970’s to Mid-1980’s. U.S. Department of the Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC, USA.
Davis, M. M. 1995. Endemic wetlands of the Willamete Valley, Oregon. p. 1–8.In Studies of Plant Establishment Limitations in Wetlands of the Willamette Valley, Oregon. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station. Vicksburg, MS, USA. Technical Report WRP-RE-13.
Eggers, S. D. 1992. Compensatory wetland mitigation: some problems and suggestions for corrective measures. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Paul District, MN, USA.
Findlay, C. S. and J. Houlahan. 1997. Anthropogenic correlates of species richness in southeastern Ontario wetlands. Conservation Biology 11:1000–1009.CrossRef
Forman, R. T. T. and M. Godron. 1986. Landscape Ecology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York, NY, USA.
Gibbs, J. P. 1993. Importance of small wetlands for the persistence of local populations of wetland-associated animals. Wetlands 13: 25–31.
Gosselink, J. G. and L. C. Lee. 1989. Cumulative impact assessment in bottomland hardwood forests. Wetlands 9:83–174.
Guard, J. B. 1995. Wetland Plants of Oregon and Washington. Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Gwin, S. E. and M. E. Kentula. 1990. Evaluating design and verifying compliance of wetlands created under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act in Oregon. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory. Corvallis, OR, USA. EPA/600/3-90/061.
Holland, C. C., J. Honea, S. E. Gwin, and M. E. Kentula. 1995. Wetland degradation and loss in the rapidly urbanizing area of Portland, Oregon. Wetlands 15:336–345.
Holland, C. C. and M. E. Kentula. 1992. Impacts of Section 404 permits requiring compensatory mitigation on wetlands in: California (USA). Wetlands Ecology and Management 2:157–169.CrossRef
Kentula, M. K., R. P. Brooks, S. E. Gwin, C. C. Holland, A. D. Sherman, and J. C. Sifneos. 1992a. An Approach to Improving Decision Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Kentula, M. E., J. C. Sifneos, J. W. Good, M. Rylko, and K. Kunz. 1992b. Trends and patterns in Section 404 permitting requiring compensatory mitigation in Oregon and Washington, USA. Environmental Management 16:109–119.CrossRef
Kiesecker, J. M. and A. R. Blaustein. 1997. Population differences in responses of red-legged frogs (Rana aurora) to introduced bull-frogs. Ecology 78:1752–1760.
Kruczynski, W. L. 1990. Options to be considered in preparation and evaluation of mitigation plans. p. 555–570.In J. A. Kusler and M. E. Kentula (eds.) Wetland Creation and Restoration: The Status of the Science. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Kupferberg, S. J. 1997. Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) invasion of a California river: the role of larval competition. Ecology 78:1736–1751.
Lee, L. C. and J. G. Gosselink. 1988. Cumulative impacts on wetlands: linking scientific assessments and regulatory alternatives. Environmental Management 12:591–602.CrossRef
Leonard, W. P., H. A. Brown, L. L. C. Jones, K. R. McAllister, and R. M. Storm. 1993. Amphibians of Washington and Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society, Seattle, WA, USA.
Lewis, R. R. III. 1990. Wetland restoration/creation/enhancement terminology: suggestions for standardization. p. 417–422.In J. A. Kusler and M. E. Kentula (eds.) Wetland Creation and Restoration: The Status of the Science. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Magee, T. K., S. E. Gwin, R. G. Gibson, C. C. Holland, J. Honea, P. W. Shaffer, J. C. Sifneos, and M. E. Kentula. 1993. Research Plan and Methods Manual for the Oregon Wetlands Study. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory, Corvallis, OR, USA. EPA/600/R-93/072.
Mitsch, W. J. and J. G. Gosselink. 1993. Wetlands. 2nd Edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY, USA.
National Research Council (NRC). 1995. Wetlands: Characteristics and Boundaries. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
National Research Council (NRC). 1992. Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Nussbaum, R. A., E. D. Brodie, Jr. and R. M. Storm. 1983. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Pacifie Northwest. University of Idaho Press. Moscow, ID, USA.
Omernik, J. M. 1987. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 77:118–125 (map scale 1∶7,500,000).CrossRef
Oregon Removal-Fill Law, O.R.S. 541.605–541.695 and 541.990, and Removal or Filling in Scenic Waterways, O.R.S. 390.805–390.835, 390.905 and 390.925. 1989. Oregon Division of State Lands, Salem, OR, USA.
Oregon Wetland Inventory and Wetland Conservation Plans, O.R.S. 196.668–196.692. 1989. Oregon Division of State Lands, Salem, OR, USA.
Owen, C. R. 1990. Effectiveness of compensatory wetland mitigation in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Wetlands Association. Madison, WI. USA.
Owen, C. R. and H. M. Jacobs. 1992. Wetland protection as land-use planning: the impact of Section 404 in Wisconsin, USA. Environmental Management 16:345–353.CrossRef
Race, M. S. and M. S. Fonseca. 1996. Fixing compensatory mitigation: what will it take? Ecological Applications 6:94–101.CrossRef
Shaich, J. A. and K. T. Franklin. 1995. Wetland Compensatory Mitigation in Oregon: A Program Evaluation with a Focus on Portland Metro Area Projects. Oregon Division of State Lands. Salem, OR, USA.
Sibbing, J. M. 1997. Mitigation’s role in wetland loss. National Wetlands Newsletter, 19:1, 17 21.
Sifneos, J. C., E. W. Cake, Jr. and M. E. Kentula. 1992a. Effects of Section 404 permitting on freshwater wetlands in Louisiana. Alabama, and Mississippi. Wetlands 12:28–36.CrossRef
Sifneos, J. C., M. E. Kentula, and P. Price. 1992b. Impacts of Section 404 permits requiring compensatory mitigation of freshwater wetlands in Texas and Arkansas. The Texas Journal of Science 44:475–485.
Smith, R. D., A. Ammann, C. Bartoldus, and M. M. Brinson. 1995. An Approach for Assessing Wetland Functions Using Hydrogeomorphic Classification, Reference Wetlands, and Functional Indices. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station. Vicksburg, MS. USA. Technical Report WRP-DE-9.
Tiner, R. W., Jr. 1984. Wetlands of the United States: Current status and recent trends. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wetlands Inventory, Washington, DC, USA.
Wineberg, H. 1993. Population estimates for Oregon: July 1, 1992. Center for Population Research and Census, School of Urban Affairs, Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA.
Winter, T. C. 1992. A physiographic and climatic framework for hydrologic studies of wetlands. p. 127–148.In R. D. Robarts and M. L. Bothwell (eds.) Aquatic Ecosystems in Semi-Arid Regions: Implications for Resource Management. Environment Canada. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. N.H.R.I. Symposium Series 7.