Journal of Medical Toxicology

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 59–62

Analysis of mushroom exposures in texas requiring hospitalization, 2005–2006


    • Department of Emergency MedicineWomack Army Medical Center
  • Cristóbal S. Berry-Cabán
    • Information Management Division, Clinical Data ServicesWomack Army Medical Center
  • James D. Barry
    • Brooke Army Medical Center
  • Douglas J. Borys
    • Central Texas Poison CenterScott & White Memorial Hospital
  • John A. Ward
    • Brooke Army Medical Center
  • Steven W. Salyer
    • Brooke Army Medical Center
Toxicology Investigations

DOI: 10.1007/BF03161087

Cite this article as:
Barbee, G.A., Berry-Cabán, C.S., Barry, J.D. et al. J. Med. Toxicol. (2009) 5: 59. doi:10.1007/BF03161087



Texas has approximately 200 species of wild mushrooms, including toxic and hallucinogenic varieties. Mushroom ingestions in Texas were studied for 2005–2006.


Data was obtained via Texas Poison Control Centers and retrospectively reviewed. Case notes were reviewed individually regarding initial reporting, age, signs and symptoms, toxic effect, management, and patient outcomes.


A total of 742 exposures occurred during the study period. All exposures were acute and intentional. Of these exposures, 59 (7.9%) were admitted to the hospital, with 17 (28.8% of admissions) requiring admission to a critical care unit. Four cases required inpatient psychiatric admission. The average age of admitted exposures was 20.5 years, with a male-to-female predominance of 3.3:1. Eleven (22.9%) of the admitted exposures were identified, with Psilocybin being the most common agent (n = 10, 91%). Among the admissions, co-ingestions were identified with the mushroom ingestion in eleven patients (40.7%). The most common symptoms in admitted patients were vomiting (n = 34, 57.6%), nausea (n = 19, 32.2%), altered mental status (n = 17, 28.8%), abdominal pain (n = 13, 22%), and diarrhea (n = 10, 16.9%).


All mushroom exposures examined were acute and intentional. Major toxic reactions were uncommon, and no deaths were reported. Serious poisoning from mushroom ingestion is rare in Texas; however, there is greater need for information dissemination on morbidity.


mycetismusmushroommushroom ingestionTexasAmanita
Download to read the full article text

Copyright information

© American College of Medical Toxicology 2009