New Generation Computing

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 295–305

The power of communication: P systems with symport/antiport

Special Issue

DOI: 10.1007/BF03037362

Cite this article as:
Pâun, A. & Pâun, G. New Gener Comput (2002) 20: 295. doi:10.1007/BF03037362


In the attempt to have a framework where the computation is done by communication only, we consider the biological phenomenon of trans-membrane transport of couples of chemicals (one say symport when two chemicals pass together through a membrane, in the same direction, and antiport when two chemicals pass simultaneously through a membrane, in opposite directions). Surprisingly enough, membrane systems without changing (evolving) the used objects and with the communication based on rules of this type are computationally complete, and this result is achieved even for pairs of communicated objects (as encountered in biology). Five membranes are used; the number of membranes is reduced to two if more than two chemicals may collaborate when passing through membranes.


Molecular Computing Membrane Computing Symport Antiport Computational Universality 

Copyright information

© Ohmsha, Ltd. and Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Mathematics of the Romanian AcademyBucureştiRomania