, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 51-59

Association in alcoholic patients between Psychopathic Traits and the additive effect of allelic forms of theCNR1 andFAAH endocannabinoid genes, and the 3′ Region of theDRD2 Gene

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Abstract

Little is known about the genetic factors that underlie the comorbidity between alcohol use disorder and antisocial personality disorder. Previous studies have associated both, dopaminergic and endocannabinoid systems to severe alcoholism with non-adaptive disrupted behaviours. In this work we have examined some gene variants involved in such systems in a sample of alcoholic patients to test whether there is a relationship with antisocial traits. The genetic analysis involved the genotyping of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) TaqIA located nearby theDRD2 gene, the 10-repeat allele of a variable number tandem repeats (VNTR) of theSLC6A3 gene, the C385AFAAH SNP and the 3′-UTR microsatellite ofCNR1 gene. The clinical study was performed in 137 Spanish alcohol dependent males. Antisocial Personality Disorder (DSM-IV) diagnosis was made by applying the International Personality Disorder Examination, and psychopathic traits were evaluated by the Hare’s Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R). The genotype distribution indicates there is a relationship between the TaqIA SNP,CNR1 andFAAH genes and PCL-R’s Factor 1 in alcoholic patients. This relationship seems to be additive and independent and might be responsible for 11.4% of the variance in this PCL-R subscale. Our results suggest the implication of the dopaminergic and endocannabinoid systems in those processes leading to the comorbidity of alcoholism and antisocial behaviour.

These authors contributed equally to this work.