Policy responses to low fertility and its consequences: A global survey
- Cite this article as:
- Calwell, J.C., Caldwell, P. & McDonald, P. Journal of Population Research (2002) 19: 1. doi:10.1007/BF03031966
Fertility at or below replacement level now characterizes 64 countries with populations totalling 44 per cent of that of the world. Many of these countries have total fertility rates below 1.5 and some have recorded below-replacement fertility for decades. It appears likely that some countries will eventually adopt policies aimed at raising fertility. Accordingly, the paper examines the effect of past policies of this type, and briefly looks to the future.