, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 76-85

Beyond the Blue Banana?

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For centuries, the “Blue Banana” — a banana-shaped metropolitan axis running from London to Milan — has been Europe’s breeding place for innovation and growth. Recently, however, the “Sunbelt” from Milan to Valencia and the “Yellow Banana” from Paris to Warsaw have been identified as future European growth poles beside or even beyond the Blue Banana. How likely it is that the structure of Europe’s economic-geographical system will change in the next decades?