Psychosocial predictors of medication adherence among persons living with HIV
Background: Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), many have learned to live with HIV as a chronic illness. Adherence to medical regimens is extremely important for HIV patients. Purpose: To examine the extent to which medication adherence among HIV patients is related to social and psychological variables. Method: Data were gathered among 127 HIV patients (aged from 18 & #x2013;65 years) recruited at their quarterly consultation at Metz Hospital (France). Subjects completed a self-report adherence to medication scale, the Illness PerceptionQuestionnaire (IPQ), the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ), a French Value System Scale, a treatment satisfaction scale, and sociodemographic measures. Results: Analyses revealed significant associations between adherence and patients’ beliefs about treatment, satisfaction with treatment, confidence in the physician, some values (“other people, ” “god and children”), and duration of treatment and illness. Conclusion: The data suggest that patients’ beliefs about treatment are formed to a certain degree in the patients’ relationship with the physician. Furthermore, adherence seems to be related to personal values.