Main Article

Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery

, 55:176

First online:

Pattern of drug utilization in acute tonsillitis in a teaching hospital in Nepal

  • H. S. RehanAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmacology, Lady Hardinge Medical College & HSMT, S. K. Hospital

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A prospective study was undertaken to find out the baseline data on prescribing patten of drugs in acute tonsillitis.


Prescriptions far acute tonsillitis were collected outside the ENT-OPD over a period of 6 months and were analyzed.


The average number of drugs per prescription was 3.24. Ninety five percent of the prescriptions contained antimicrobial agents (AMA with an average of 1.03 AMAs per prescription. AMA was the most commonly prescribed (31.81%) group of drugs followed by analgesics and antipyretics (20.70%). Amoxicillin (38.80%) and azithromycin (20.63%) were the most commonly prescribed AMAs. Erythromyein was prescribed in 11(6.73) patients while penicillin was not at all prescribed. Culture and sensitivity test was advised only in 14.75% of cases. Cough expectorants were the most commonly used fixed dose combination. Of the total drugs used, 96.9% were prescribed by brand names. The duration of therapy was not mentioned for 35.60% of the drugs prescribed. the iatyprtyriate and over use off antimicrobil agents make treatment east effective.

Key Words

Drug Utilization Antimicrobial use Acute Tonsillitis