, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 119-123

Loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 6q27 and p53 mutations in epithelial ovarian cancer

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Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in chromosome region 6q27 and p53 mutations were studied to attempt to clarify the genetic etiology of ovarian cancer, with particular reference to clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCG), which has a poor prognosis. 6q27 LOH in 70 epithelial oyarian cancer patients was examined using four restriction fragment length polymorphism markers located at 6q27; p53 mutations in tumor DNA were detected using polymerase chain reaction singlestrand conformation polymorphism and sequencing. 6q27 LOH was confirmed in 26 of 48 informative cases (54.2%). No differences in the incidence of 6q27 LOH were seen by histologic type; 6q27 LOH was observed in 45% (5/11) of CCCs. p53 mutations were detected in 19 of the 48 tumors (39.6%), but in only one (9%) CCC. These results suggest that a putative tumor suppressor gene involved in the onset of epithelial ovarian cancer is located at 6q27. This gene is one of the keys to clarifying the genetic etiology of epithelial ovarian cancer and particularly CCC, given the low incidence of p53 mutations in this tumor type.