Phytoremediation: Persistent Pesticides

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, 9:4

First online:

Prospects and limitations of phytoremediation for the removal of persistent pesticides in the environment

  • Qasim ChaudhryAffiliated withDepartment for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Central Science Laboratory Email author 
  • , Peter SchröderAffiliated withGSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology
  • , Daniele Werck-ReichhartAffiliated withDept of Stress Response, IBMP-CNRS
  • , Wlodzimierz GrajekAffiliated withDepartment of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, A. Cieszkowski Agricultural University of Poznan
  • , Roman MarecikAffiliated withDepartment of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, A. Cieszkowski Agricultural University of Poznan

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Abstract

The environmental problems that have arisen from the use of persistent pesticides in the past, and potential sources of further contamination have been discussed. The potential and limitations of phytoremediation for removal of pesticides in the environment have been reviewed. The enzymatic processes in plants that are known to be involved in phytodegradation of pesticides, and possibilities for enhancing them have also been discussed.

Keywords

Carbamate contamination environment organochlorine organophosphate persistent pesticides phytodegradation phytoremediation plant uptake