Economic Botany

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 172–184

Phormium tenax—New Zealand’s native hard fiber

  • Howard J. Critchfield
Semi-Popular Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF02984775

Cite this article as:
Critchfield, H.J. Econ Bot (1951) 5: 172. doi:10.1007/BF02984775


This large iris-like plant yields a hard fiber which has been important in New Zealand’s past export trade. Today the total native annual production of about 5,000 long tons is wholly utilized domestically and provides only 15 percent of New Zealand’s fiber requirements for use in woolpacks, matting, twine and other articles. Imported fibers, such as sisal, jute and hemp, make up the difference.

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1951

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard J. Critchfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Canterbury University CollegeChristchurchNew Zealand