The ‘Virtual Pollution Prevention Costs ‘99’

A Single LCA-Based Indicator for Emissions
LCA Discussions: A New Calculation Model for Interpreting the Results of an LCA Revised

DOI: 10.1007/BF02979733

Cite this article as:
Vogtlander, J.G. & Bijma, A. Int. J. LCA (2000) 5: 113. doi:10.1007/BF02979733


In literature, many models (qualitatively as well as quantitatively) can be found to cope with the problem of communicating results of LCA analyses with decision takers. Most models translate data on emissions in a single indicator, using a classification and charac-terisation step. More than 30 of these models have been looked at, 14 of which have been studied in detail. From these analyses, it was concluded that there is still a need for further development.


Acidification characterisation classification communicating Dutch emissions eutrophication global warming heavy metals LCA marginal prevention costs region single indicator summer smog sustainable virtual pollution costs ’99 West European winter smog 

Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Delft University of Technolgoy, Faculty OCR, Section Design for SustainabiliryDelftNetherlands

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