Phytoparasitica

, 15:181

Comparative effects of soil solarization with single and double layers of polyethylene film on survival ofFusarium oxysporum F. SP.Vasinfectum

Authors

  • Ben-Yephet Y. 
    • Dept. of Plant PathologyUniversity of California
  • J. J. Stapleton
    • Dept. of Plant PathologyUniversity of California
  • R. J. Wakeman
    • Dept. of Plant PathologyUniversity of California
  • J. E. De Vay
    • Dept. of Plant PathologyUniversity of California
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02979581

Cite this article as:
Ben-Yephet, Y., Stapleton, J.J., Wakeman, R.J. et al. Phytoparasitica (1987) 15: 181. doi:10.1007/BF02979581

Abstract

Soil solarization (SoSol) with a single layer of transparent polyethylene (PE) film, traps considerable heat and moisture in soil. Solarization of field soil with two layers of 1 mil (25 μm thick) PE film, separated by a 6-cm air layer, caused soil temperatures at 15 cm depth to rise by 12.7°C and 3.6°C over those in noncovered soil or soil covered by one layer of film, respectively; at 30 cm depth the respective differences in temperature were 11.2°C and 2.7°C. Viability of propagules (mainly chlamydospores) ofFusarium oxysporum f. sp.vasinfectum that had been buried at 30 cm depth, was reduced after 31 days of solarization by 97.5%, 58%, and 0% under a double film layer, a single layer, and in non-covered soil, respectively. The insulating effect of a double layer of PE film improved heat retention in soil and the solarization effect.

Key Words

Soil solarizationpolyethylene mulchFusarium oxysporum f. sp.vasinfectumsoil heating

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 1987