Approaches to valuation in LCA impact assessment

  • Jane C. Powell
  • David W. Pearce
  • Amelia L. Craighill
6th SETAC-Europe Meeting: LCA — Selected Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF02978709

Cite this article as:
Powell, J.C., Pearce, D.W. & Craighill, A.L. Int. J. LCA (1997) 2: 11. doi:10.1007/BF02978709

Abstract

One of the major problems with the future development of lifecycle assessment is the difficulty in converting lifecycle inventory results into environmental impacts, owing to problems associated with the interpretation and weighting of the data. The four main valuation approaches: distance-to-target, environmental control costs, environmental damage costs and scoring approaches are assessed and the individual methodologies evaluated. In conclusion it is considered that in a country which has clear, up-to-date, politically acceptable emission standards, a distance-to-target valuation system maybe acceptable. However, these circumstances are likely to be rare, and the choice of standards arbitrary and not scientifically based. Therefore a better choice is probably environmental damage costs, provided suitable economic damage figures are available.

Keywords

Lifecycle assessment impact assessment valuation environmental damage costs 

Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane C. Powell
    • 1
  • David W. Pearce
    • 2
  • Amelia L. Craighill
    • 1
  1. 1.CSERGEUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  2. 2.CSERGEUniversity College LondonCower St, LondonUK

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