, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 161-166

Antioxidant flavone glycosides from the leaves ofSasa borealis

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Abstract

Sasa borealis (Poaceae) is a perennial medicinal plant which is a major source of bamboo leaves in Korea. Then-BuOH extract ofS. borealis leaves exhibited significant antioxidant activity against the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and a cytoprotective effect against oxidative damage in HepG2 cells. Bioactivity-guided fractionation by column chromatography led to the isolation of two antioxidative flavonoid C-glycoside derivatives, isoorientin (2) and isoorientin 2”-O-α-i_-rhamnoside (4) along with tricin 7-0-β-D-glucopyranoside (1) and apigenin 6-C-β-D-xylopyranosyl-8-C-β-D-glucopyranoside (3). Their structures were identified on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic methods. The radical scavenging activity and cytoprotective effect against oxidative damage of all the isolated compounds were also evaluated. Isoorientin (2) and isoorientin 2-O-α-L-rhamnoside (4) showed potent free radical scavenging activity with 1C50 values of 9.5 and 34.5 μM, respectively, and strong cytoprotective effects againstt-BOOH-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells, at very low concentrations of 1.1 μM isoorientin and 0.8 μM isoorientin 2-O-α-L-rhamnoside. This is the first report of the isolation and antioxidant activity of compounds 2 and 4 from S.borealis.