Enhanced production of succinic acid by metabolically engineeredEscherichia coli with amplified activities of malic enzyme and fumarase
- Cite this article as:
- Hong, S.H. & Lee, S.Y. Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. (2004) 9: 252. doi:10.1007/BF02942339
- 187 Views
Apfl ldhA double mutantEscherichia coli strain NZN111 was used to produce succinic acid by overexpressing theE. coli malic enzyme gene (sfcA). This strain, however, produced a large amount of malic acid as well as succinic acid. After the analyses of the metabolic pathways, thefumB gene encoding the anaerobic fumarase ofE. coli was co-amplified to solve the problem of malic acid accumulation. A plasmid, pTrcMLFu, was constructed, which contains an artificial operon (sfcA-fumB) under the control of the inducibletrc promoter. From the batch culture of recombinantE. coli NZN111 harboring pTrcMLFu, 7 g/L of succinic acid was produced from 20 g/L of glucose, with no accumulation of malic acid. From the metabolic flux analysis the strain was found under reducing power limiting conditions by severe reorientation of metabolic fluxes.