Current Cardiology Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 209–217

Predicting survival in heart failure

Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Heart Failure

DOI: 10.1007/BF02938352

Cite this article as:
Florea, V.G. & Anand, I.S. Curr Cardiol Rep (2007) 9: 209. doi:10.1007/BF02938352


Despite advances in the therapy of cardiovascular disorders, heart failure remains a challenging disease with a dismal prognosis. A plethora of variables have been shown to be related to survival in patients with heart failure. These include heart failure etiology, clinical presentation, ventricular performance, exercise capacity, neurohormones and, more recently, inflammatory and necrosis markers. In this review we briefly list established predictive markers and discuss whether survival can accurately be predicted in this condition.

Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Heart Failure ProgramVA Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA

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