, Volume 20-21, Issue 1, pp 529-540

Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of pretreated wheat straw to ethanol with selected yeast strains and β-glucosidase supplementation

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Abstract

Previous shake flask and stirred tank evaluations of temperature tolerant (37–43°C) yeasts in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) on Sigmacell-50 cellulose substrates to ethanol have identified several good microorganisms for further SSF studies (27). Of these, the glucose fermenting yeastCandida acidothermophilum, C. brassicae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, S. uvarum, and a mixed culture of the cellobiose fermenting yeastBrettanomyces clausenii withS. cerevisiae as a control were chosen for shake flask SSF screening experiments with pretreated wheat straw. This study indicates that theSaccharomyces strainscerevisiae anduvarum, give very good performance at high cellulase loadings or when supplemented with Novo-188 β-glucosidase. In fact, with the higher enzyme loadings these yeast will give complete conversion of cellulose to ethanol. Yet at the lower, more economical enzyme loadings, the mixed culture ofBrettanomyces clausenii andS. cerevisiae performs better than any single yeast.