Assessment of pretreatment conditions to obtain fast complete hydrolysis on high substrate concentrations

  • W. Schwald
  • C. Breuil
  • H. H. Brownell
  • M. Chan
  • J. M. Saddler
Session 1 Thermal and Chemical Processing

DOI: 10.1007/BF02936471

Cite this article as:
Schwald, W., Breuil, C., Brownell, H.H. et al. Appl Biochem Biotechnol (1989) 20: 29. doi:10.1007/BF02936471

Abstract

Steam-heating of aspen wood chips improved the enzymatic digestibility of the cellulose. Scaling up the reaction vessel from 2 to 60 L had virtually no influence on the chemical composition and the accessibility of the lignocellulosic substrate. Over 85% of the cellulose could be hydrolyzed to glucose when an 8% substrate concentration was used. The residual content of alkali-insoluble lignin appeared to control the digestibility of the cellulose. Increased delignification either by prolonged steaming, oxidative posttreatment, or SO2 catalysis improved the accessibility of the cellulose. The use of SO2 as a catalyst also increased the recovery yield of the wood after steam-heating, with more than 70% of the original xylan recovered as monomeric xylose. Conversion yields of above 90% were achieved at low levels of filter paper activity after a relatively short incubation time. Removal of alkali-soluble lignin did not influence digestibility when the enzyme concentration was based on the cellulose content of the substrates.

Index Entries

Steam-pretreatmentSO2-catalysisenzymatic hydrolysishigh substrate concentrationchemical composition (alkali-insoluble lignin)

Nomenclature

SHA-WI

water-insoluble fraction of steam-heated aspen wood

SHA-WIA

water-and-alkali-insoluble fraction of steam-heated aspen wood

SHA-WIA/H2O2

water-and-alkali-insoluble fraction of steam-heated aspenwood posttreated with hydrogen peroxide

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Schwald
    • 1
  • C. Breuil
    • 1
  • H. H. Brownell
    • 1
  • M. Chan
    • 1
  • J. M. Saddler
    • 1
  1. 1.Forintek Canada Corp.OttawaCanada
  2. 2.Institute of RadiochemistryUniversity of InnsbruckAustria