, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 245-250

Effects of hydrocarbon additions on gas-liquid mass transfer coefficients in biphasic bioreactors

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Abstract

The effects of aliphatic hydrocarbons (n-hexadecane andn-dodecane) on the volumetric oxygen mass transfer coefficient (k L a) were studied in flat alveolar airlift reactor and continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTRs). In the flat alveolar airlift reactor, high aeration rates (>2 vvm) were required in order to obtain efficient organic-aqueous phase dispersion and reliablek L a measurements. Addition of 1% (v/v)n-hexadecane orn-dodecane increased thek l a 1.55-and 1.33-fold, respectively, compared to the control (superficial velocity: 25.8×10−3 m/s, sparger orifice diameter: 0.5 mm). Analysis of the gas-liquid interfacial areaa and the liquid film mass transfer coefficientk L suggests that the observedk L a increase was a function of the media's liquid film mass transfer. Addition of 1% (v/v)n-hexadecane orn-dodecane to analogous setups using CSTRs led to ak L a increase by a factor of 1.68 and 1.36, respectively (superficial velocity: 2.1×10−3 m/s, stirring rate: 250 rpm). These results propose that low-concentration addition of oxygen-vectors to aerobic microbial cultures has additional benefit relative to incubation in purely aqueous media.