Vitamin D nutritional status of women living on a solitary island in Japan: A population-based study
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Objective: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is a vitamin D metabolite and a good indicator of vitamin D nutritional status. Low 25(OH)D levels accelerate age-related bone loss in women. The aim of this study was to assess 25(OH)D levels using population-based samples from women in a community in Japan.
Subjects and Methods: Of all 187 adult women living on a solitary island (Niigata, Japan), 150 (80.2%) were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in early June 1998. After excluding 6 subjects who were undergoing treatment for osteoporosis, 144 female subjects were analyzed. Serum 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. The sum of 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 was calculated, yielding 25(OH)D, for which a concentration of less than 30 nmol/L was defined as vitamin D insufficiency. Demographic data such as age, height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were also recorded.
Results: The average age of the subjects was 61.3 years (SD 12.8), ranging from 21 to 87. The average concentrations of 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 were 0.5 nmol/L (SD 3.2) and 64.6 nmol/L (SD 17.6), respectively. The number of subjects with 25(OH)D concentration less than 30 nmol/L was 4 of 149 (2.7%). Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were not significantly correlated with age (r=-0.065, p=0.44l) or BMI (r=0.086, p=0.310).
Conclusion: The present population-based study confirms adequate levels of 25(OH)D and low prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in Japanese women. Further research should be directed toward darifying which dietary factors determine vitamin D nutrition.
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- Vitamin D nutritional status of women living on a solitary island in Japan: A population-based study
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Volume 5, Issue 2 , pp 49-52
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