Folia Microbiologica

, 49:247

Evolutionary relatedness between glycolytic enzymes most frequently occurring in genomes


DOI: 10.1007/BF02931039

Cite this article as:
Oslancová, A. & Janeček, Š. Folia Microbiol (2004) 49: 247. doi:10.1007/BF02931039


More than 100 sequenced genomes were searched for genes coding for the enzymes involved in glycolysis in an effort to find the most frequently occurring ones. Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPD), phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) and enolase (ENOL) were found to be present in 90 investigated genomes all together. The final set consisted of 80 prokaryotic and 10 eukaryotic genomes. Of the 80 prokaryotic genomes, 73 were from Bacteria, 7 from Archaea. Two microbial genomes were also from Eucarya (yeasts). Eight genomes of nonmicrobial origin were included for comparison. The amino acid sequences of TIMs, GAPDs, PGKs and ENOLs were collected and aligned, and their individual as well as concatenated evolutionary trees were constructed and discussed. The trees clearly demonstrate a closer relatedness between Eucarya and Archaea (especially the concatenated tree) but they do not support the hypothesis that eukaryotic glycolytic enzymes should be closely related to their α-proteobacterial counterparts. Phylogenetic analyses further reveal that although the taxonomic groups (e.g., α-proteobacteria, γ-proteobacteria, firmicutes, actinobacteria,etc.) form their more or less compact clusters in the trees, the inter-clade relationships between the trees are not conserved at all. On the other hand, several examples of conservative relatedness separating some clades of the same taxonomic groups were observed,e.g., Buchnera along withWigglesworthia and the rest of γ-proteobacteria, or mycoplasmas and the rest of firmicutes. The results support the view that these glycolytic enzymes may have their own evolutionary history.

Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Molecular Biology, Center of Excellence for Molecular MedicineSlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaStovakia