, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 173-183

Efficient cellulose solubilization by a combined cellulosome-β-glucosidase system

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The cellulosome, the multienzyme complex of the cellulase system ofClostridium thermocellum, that mediates the solubilization of insoluble cellulose, is strongly inhibited by the major end product, cellobiose. By combining a purified β-glucosidase fromAspergillus niger with the cellulosome, accumulated cellobiose was hydrolyzed thereby resulting in a dramatic enhancement (up to 10-fold) of cellulose degradation. The observed enhancement was expressed both in the rate and degree of solubilization of microcrystalline cellulose, compared with that observed for the unsupplemented cellulosome. Near-complete conversion of cellulose to glucose could be obtained from dense substrate suspensions (up to at least 200 g/L).