Comparison of SO2 and H2SO4 impregnation of softwood prior to steam pretreatment on ethanol production
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- Tengborg, C., Stenberg, K., Galbe, M. et al. Appl Biochem Biotechnol (1998) 70: 3. doi:10.1007/BF02920119
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The pretreatment of softwood with sulfuric acid impregnation in the production of ethanol, based on enzymatic hydrolysis, has been investigated. The parameters investigated were: H2SO4 concentration (0.5 – 4.4% w/w liquid), temperature (180 – 240°C), and residence time (1-20 minutes). The combined severity (log Ro-pH) was used to combine the parameters into a single reaction ordinate. The highest yields of fermentable sugars, i.e., glucose and mannose, were obtained at a combined severity of 3. At this severity, however, the fermentability declined and the ethanol yield decreased. In a comparison with previous results, SO2 impregnation was found to be preferable, since it resulted in approximately the same sugar yields, but better fermentability.