, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 215-221

The oxygen potential of the systems Fe+FeCr2O4+Cr2O3 and Fe+FeV2O4+V2O3 in the temperature range 750–1600°C

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Abstract

From electromotive force (emf) measurements using solid oxide galvanic cells incorporating ZrO2-CaO and ThO2−YO1.5 electrolytes, the chemical potentials of oxygen over the systems Fe+FeCr2O4+Cr2O3 and Fe+FeV2O4+V2O3 were calculated. The values may be represented by the equations: $$\begin{gathered} 2Fe\left( {s,1} \right) + O_2 \left( g \right) + 2Cr_2 O_3 \left( s \right) \to 2FeCr_2 O_4 \left( s \right) \hfill \\ \Delta \mu _{O_2 } = - 151,400 + 34.7T\left( { \pm 300} \right) cal \hfill \\ = - 633,400 + 145.5T\left( { \pm 1250} \right) J \left( {750 to 1536^\circ C} \right) \hfill \\ \Delta \mu _{O_2 } = - 158,000 + 38.4T\left( { \pm 300} \right) cal \hfill \\ = - 661,000 + 160.5T\left( { \pm 1250} \right) J \left( {1536 to 1700^\circ C} \right) \hfill \\ 2Fe\left( {s,1} \right) + O_2 \left( g \right) + 2V_2 O_3 \left( s \right) \to 2FeV_2 O_4 \left( s \right) \hfill \\ \Delta \mu _{O_2 } = - 138,000 + 29.8T\left( { \pm 300} \right) cal \hfill \\ = - 577,500 + 124.7T\left( { \pm 1250} \right) J \left( {750 to 1536^\circ C} \right) \hfill \\ \Delta \mu _{O_2 } = - 144,600 + 33.45T\left( { \pm 300} \right) cal \hfill \\ = - 605,100 + 140.0T\left( { \pm 1250} \right) J \left( {1536 to 1700^\circ C} \right) \hfill \\ \end{gathered} $$ .

At the oxygen potentials corresponding to Fe+FeCr2O4+Cr2O3 equilibria, the electronic contribution to the conductivity of ZrO2−CaO electrolyte was found to affect the measured emf. Application of a small 60 cycle A.C. voltage with an amplitude of 50 mv across the cell terminals reduced the time required to attain equilibrium at temperatures between 750 to 950°C by approximately a factor of two. The second law entropy of iron chromite obtained in this study is in good agreement with that calculated from thermal data. The entropies of formation of these spinel phases from the component oxides can be correlated to cation distribution and crystal field theory.