, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 49-55

Effects of temperature on growth, morphology, and photosynthesis in wheat

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Abstract

Several morphological characteristics differed when wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Doha 88) was grown under a cool (10 °C), warm (20 °C), and hot (30 °C) regime. Development of leaves was linearly related to shoot meristem temperature, and the time between appearance of successive leaves on the main culm was independent of growth temperature. Area and dry mass of leaves and roots increased exponentially with time, and variations between growth temperature regimes were reduced when plants were compared at a similar developmental age. In isolated thylakoids thermal stability of photosystem 2 and of whole electron transport chain was enhanced with the increase in growth temperature. Therefore this cultivar is able to acclimate to contrasting temperature regimes.