Geosciences Journal

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 85–89

Electrokinetically enhanced transport of organic and inorganic phosphorus in a low permeability soil


  • Goontaek Lee
    • National Instrumentation Center for Environmental ManagementSeoul National University
    • School of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life SciencesSeoul National University
  • Sukyoung Lee
    • R&D Environmental Engineering, Research Institute of TechnologySansung Corporation
  • Sangmo Lee
    • National Instrumentation Center for Environmental ManagementSeoul National University

DOI: 10.1007/BF02910335

Cite this article as:
Lee, G., Ro, H., Lee, S. et al. Geosci J (2006) 10: 85. doi:10.1007/BF02910335


The transport of P sources (organic and inorganic phosphorus) using electrokinetic process through a low-permeability soils was investigated. A series of batch experiments was conducted to construct the adsorption isotherms of KH2PO4 and triethyl phosphate (TEP) on kaolin soils. Approximately 60.3% of phosphorus from KH2PO4 was adsorbed within 24 hours, and the maximum adsorption (73%) was attained at 6 days after adsorption. In contrast, TEP showed no P adsorption in 7 days, thus suggesting an alternative P source that may maintain a favorable proportion of C∶N∶P through the effective delivery duringin situ bioremediation in low permeability soils. Experiments using electrokinetic process were carried out with electrokinetic reactor having a hydraulic conductivity of 1.99×10−7 cm s−1 for a 0.01 M NaCl aqueous solution. TEP and KH2PO4 were used as organic P source and inorganic P source, respectively, and introduced individually into a chamber near the platinum anode and near the platinum cathode, respectively. Potassium dihydrogen phosphate was not distributed uniformly along the soil column and most of transported phosphorus was changed to water-insoluble aluminum phosphate after 12 days of treatment, indicating the decrease of bioavailability of the phosphorus. In case of TEP, the advancing P front progressed with time, resulting in uniform P distribution through the kaolin column. In terms of transport, organic phosphorus, TEP, would be a more effective P source than inorganic phosphorus, KH2PO4, in electrokinetic enhanced bioremediation.

Key words

bioremediationelectrokinetics (EK)phosphorussoil contaminationtriethyl phosphate (TEP)

Copyright information

© Springer 2006