Indoor airborne mold spores in newly built dwellings
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
To investigate the relationships between sick building syndrome and mold in newly-built dwellings.
Symptoms of 61 residents in 18 dwellings were surveyed by standardized questionnaires. Mold sampling was done by gravity sampling using an open Petri dish. Potato dextrose agar (PDA) and dichloran-18% glycerol agar (DG-18) were used as the culture medium.
There were 6 dwellings in which at least one inhabitant complained of one or more symptoms and 12 dwellings in which none of the inhabitants complained of symptoms. There was a tendency for the dwellings with inhabitants reporting symptoms to have larger colony forming units (CFU) on PDA than those without inhabitants reporting symptoms (p=0.1), but there was no difference in DG-18 result. There was a tendency for the dwellings with inhabitants reporting symptoms to have larger CFU ofCladosporium on PDA than those without (p=0.08), but there was no difference in DG-18 result. Significantly moreUlocladium sp. was detected in the dwellings with inhabitants reporting symptoms than in those without (p=0.03).Cladosporium cladosporioides was detected in all the dwellings with inhabitants reporting symptoms and 75% of the dwellings without.Cladosporium macrocarpum andCladosporium herbarum were detected in 33% of the dwellings with inhabitants reporting e symptoms and none of the dwellings without (p=0.1).
Cladosporium was dominant in the Japanese newly-built dwellings studied, andCladosporium andUlocladium were probably associated with the residents’ symptoms in these newly-built dwellings.
- Schneider T, Sundell J, Bischof W, Bohgard M, Cherrie JW, Clausen PA, Dreborg S, Kildeso J, Kaergaard SK, Lovik M, Pasanen P, Skyberg K. ‘EUROPART’. Airborne particles in the indoor environment. A European interdisciplinary review of scientific evidence on associations between exposure to particles in buildings and health effects. Indoor Air. 2003; 13: 38–48. CrossRef
- Molhave L, Krzyzanowski M. The right to healthy indoor air: status by 2002. Indoor Air. 2003; 13 Suppl 6: 50–53. CrossRef
- Engvall K, Norrby C, Norback D. Sick building syndrome in relation to building dampness in multi-family residential buildings in Stockholm. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2001; 74: 270–278. CrossRef
- Haverinen U, Husman T, Vahteristo M, Koskinen O, Moschandreas D, Nevalainen A, Pekkanen J. Comparison of two-level and three-level classifications of moisture-damaged dwellings in relation to health effects. Indoor Air. 2001; 11: 192–199. CrossRef
- Koskinen OM, Husman TM, Meklin TM, Nevalainen AI. The relationship between moisture or mould observations in houses and the state of health of their occupants. Eur Respir J. 1999; 14: 1363–1367. CrossRef
- Platt SD, Martin CJ, Hunt SM, Lewis CW. Damp housing, mould growth, and symptomatic health state. BMJ. 1989; 298: 1673–1678.
- Engvall K, Norrby C, Norback D. Asthma symptoms in relation to building dampness and odour in older multifamily houses in Stockholm. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001; 5: 468–477.
- Hirsch T, Range U, Walther KU, Hederer B, Lassig S, Frey G, Leupold W. Prevalence and determinants of house dust mite allergen in East German homes. Clin Exp Allergy. 1998; 28: 956–964. CrossRef
- Waegemaekers M, Van Wageningen N, Brunekreef B, Boleij JS. Respiratory symptoms in damp homes. A pilot study. Allergy. 1989; 44: 192–198. CrossRef
- Brunekreef B. Damp housing and adult respiratory symptoms. Allergy. 1992; 47: 498–502. CrossRef
- Saijo Y, Kishi R, Sata F, Katakura Y, Urashima Y, Hatakeyama A, Kobayashi S, Jin K, Kurahashi N, Kondo T, Gong YY, Umemura T. Symptoms in relation to chemicals and dampness in newly built dwellings. Int Arch Occup Environ Med. 2004; 77: 461–470. CrossRef
- Saijo Y, Reiko K, Sata F, Katakura Y, Urashima Y, Hatakeyama A, Mukaihara N, Kobayashi S, Jin K, Iikura Y. Symptoms of sick house syndrome and its contributing factors; Study of general dwellings in Hokkaido. Jpn J Public Health. 2002; 49: 1169–1183. (Article in Japanese, English abstract)
- Redlich CA, Sparer J, Cullem MR. Sick-building syndrome. Lancet. 1997; 349: 1013–1016. CrossRef
- Mizoue T, Reijula K, Andersson K. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and overtime work as risk factors for sick building syndrome in Japan. Am J Epidemiol. 2001; 154: 803–808. CrossRef
- Paper KB, Femmell DI. The Genus Aspergillus. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1965.
- Barron GL. The Genera of Hyphomycetes from Soil. New York: Robert E Kringer Publisher; 1972.
- Udagawa S, Tubaki K, Horie Y, Minoura K, Watanabe S, Yokoyama T, Yamazaki M, Miura K. Kinrui Zukan. Tokyo: Kodansha; 1978. (in Japanese)
- Pitt JI, Hocking AD. Fungi and food spoilage. London: Blackie Academic & Professional; 1997.
- Standard Methods of Analysis in Food Safety Regulation. —Biology—. Tokyo: Japan Food Sanitation Association; 1991. (in Japanese)
- Harrison J, Pickering CA, Faragher EB, Austwick PK, Little SA, Lawton L. An investigation of the relationship between microbial and particulate indoor air pollution and the sick building syndrome. Respir. Med. 1992; 86: 225–235. CrossRef
- Skov P, Valbjorn O, Pedersen BV. Influence of indoor climate on the sick building syndrome in an office environment. The Danish Indoor Climate Study Group. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1990; 16: 363–371.
- Teeuw KB, Vandenbroucke-Grauls CM, Verhoef J. Airborne gram-negative bacteria and endotoxin in sick building syndrome. A study in Dutch governmental office buildings. Arch Intern Med. 1994; 154: 2339–2345. CrossRef
- Menzies D, Tamblyn RM, Nunes F, Hanley J, Tamblyn RT. Exposure to varying levels of contaminants and symptoms among workers in two office buildings. Am J Public Health. 1996; 86: 1629–1633.
- Strachan DP, Flannigan B, McCabe EM, McGarry F. Quantification of airborne moulds in the homes of children with and without wheeze. Thorax. 1990; 45: 382–387.
- Wood RA, Eggleston PA, Lind P, Ingemann L, Schwartz B, Graveson S, Terry D, Wheeler B, Adkinson NF Jr. Antigenic analysis of household dust samples. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988; 137: 358–363.
- Takatori K. Fungal allergy—fungal ecology in dwelling environments. Nippon Ishinkin Gakkai Zasshi. 2001; 42: 113–117. (Article in Japanese, English abstract)
- Sakai K, Tsubouchi H, Mitani K. Airborne concentration of fungal and indoor air pollutants in dwellings in Nagoya, Japan. Jpn J Public Health. 2003; 50: 1017–1029. (Article in Japanese, English abstract)
- Stark PC, Burge HA, Ryan LM, Milton DK, Gold DR. Fungal levels in the home and lower respiratory tract illnesses in the first year of life. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003; 168: 232–237. CrossRef
- Li CS, Hsu LY. Airborne fungus allergen in association with residential characteristics in atopic and control children in a subtropical region. Arch Environ Health. 1997; 52: 72–79. CrossRef
- Cooley JD, Wong WC, Jumper CA, Straus DC. Correlation between the prevalence of certain fungi and sick building syndrome. Occup Environ Med. 1998; 55: 579–584. CrossRef
- Downs SH, Mitakakis TZ, Marks GB, Car NG, Belousova EG, Leuppi JD, Xuan W, Downie SR, Tobias A, Peat JK. Clinical importance of Alternaria exposure in children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001; 164: 455–459.
- De Hoog GS, Guarro J. Atlas of Clinical Fungi. Baarn: Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures; 1995.
- Pasanen AL. A review: fungal exposure assessment in indoor environments. Indoor Air. 2001; 11: 87–98. CrossRef
- Verhoeff AP, van Wijnen JH, Boleij JS, Brunekreef B, van Reenen-Hoekstra ES, Samson RA. Enumeration and identification of airborne viable mould propagules in houses. A field comparison of selected techniques. Allergy. 1990; 45: 275–284. CrossRef
- Indoor airborne mold spores in newly built dwellings
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Volume 10, Issue 3 , pp 157-161
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- sick building syndrome
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Public Health, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Kita 15, Nishi 7, Kita-ku, 060-8638, Sapporo, Japan
- 2. Department of Wellness planning, Hokkaido Asai Gakuen University, Hokkaido, Japan
- 3. Food Microbiology section, Department of Microbiology, Hokkaido Institute of Public Health, Hokkaido, Japan
- 4. Center for Infections Disease Prevention, Hokkaido Institute of Public Health, Hokkaido, Japan