Albrecht, S., & Green, M. (1977). Attitudes toward the police and the larger attitude complex: Implications for police-community relations.Criminology, 15
Apple, N., & O’Brien, D. (1983). Neighborhood racial composition and residents’ evaluation of police performance.Journal of Police Science and Administration, 11, 76–84.
Bayley, D. (1976).Forces of order: Police behavior in Japan and the United States. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Bercal, T. (1970). Calls for police assistance: Consumer demands for governmental service.American Behavioral Scientist, 13
Black, D. (1990). The production of crime rates.American Sociological Review, 35
Bordua, D., & Tifft, L. (1971). Citizen interviews, organizational feedback, and police-community relations decisions.Law and Society Review, 6
Brandl, S. G., Frank, J., Worden, R. E., & Bynum, T. S. (1994). Global and specific attitudes toward the police: Disentangling the relationship.Justice Quarterly, 11
Bureau of Justice Statistics. (1995).Sourcebook of criminal justice statistics, 1995. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice.
Cao, L., Frank, J., & Cullen, F. (1996). Race, community context, and confidence in the police.American Journal of Police, 15
Carter, D. (1985). Hispanic perception of police performance: An empirical assessment.Journal of Criminal Justice, 13
Chackerian, R. (1974). Police professionalism and citizen evaluations: A preliminary look.Public Administration Review, 34
Correia, M. E., Reisig, M. D., & Lovrich, N. P. (1996). Public perceptions of state police: An analysis of individual-level and contextual variables.Journal of Criminal Justice, 24
Cox, S. M. (1996).Police: Practices, perspectives, problems. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Cox, S. M. & Wade, J. E. (1989).The criminal justice network: An introduction (2nd ed.). Dubuque, IA: William C. Brown.
Dean, D. (1980). Citizen ratings of the police: The difference police contact makes.Law and Policy Quarterly, 2
Decker, S. (1981). Citizen attitudes toward the police.Journal of Police Science and Administration, 9, 80–87.
Erez, E. (1984). Self-defined desert and citizen’s assessment of the police.Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 75
Falcone, D. & Wells, L. (1995). The county sheriff as a distinctive policing modality.American Journal of Police, 14
Flanagan, T. J. & Longmire, D. R. (Eds.) (1996).Americans view crime and justice: A national public opinion survey. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Furstenburg, F. & Wellford, C. (1973). Calling the police: The evaluation of police service.Law and Society Review, 7
Gaines, L. K., Kappeler, V. E., & Vaughn, J. B. (1997).Policing in America (2nd ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing Company.
Garofalo, J. (1977).The police and public opinion: An analysis of victimization and attitude data from 13 American cities. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Hadar, I. & Snortum, J. (1975). The eye of the beholder: Differential perceptions of police by the police and the public.Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2
Hahn, H. (1971). The public and the police: A theoretical perspective. In H. Hahn (Ed.),Police in urban society. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Hamilton, L. C. (1992).Regression with graphics: A second course in applied statistics. Belmont, CA: Duxbury Press.
Hedgepeth, M. (1970).A study of high school students’ images of police and police officers’ perceived image in a selected city. Unpublished master’s thesis, Washington State University, Pullman.
Huang, W. & Vaughn, M. S. (1996). Support and confidence: Public attitudes toward the police. In T. J. Flanagan and D. R. Longmire (Eds.),Americans view crime and justice: A national public opinion survey (pp. 31–45). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Jacob, H. (1971). Black and white perceptions of justice in the city.Law and Society Review, 5
Jefferson, T. & Walker, M. A. (1993). Ethnic minorities in the criminal justice system.Criminal Law Review, 28, 83–95.
Jesilow, P., Meyer, J., & Namazzi, N. (1995). Public attitudes toward the police.American Journal of Police, 2
Larsen, K. S. (1968). Authoritarianism and attitudes toward police.Psychological Reports, 3, 349–350.
Lewis, D. & Salem, G. (1986).Fear of crime: Incivility and the production of a social problem. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.
Lipset, S. M. & Schneider, W. (1983).The confidence gap: Business, labor, and government in the public mind. New York: The Free Press.
Longmire, D. R. & Sims, B. A. (1995).The 1995 crime poll: Texas and the nation. Huntsville, TX: Sam Houston State University.
Marenin, O. (1983a). Voting on the police: Support and interest in a small community.Journal of Police Science and Administration, 11, 97–103.
Marenin, O. (1983b). Supporting the local police: The differential group basis of varieties of support.Police Studies, 6, 50–56.
Mastrofski, S. (1981). Surveying clients to assess police performance: Focusing on the police-citizen encounter.Evaluation Review, 5
McDowall, D. & Loftin, C. (1983). Collective security and the demand for legal handguns.American Journal of Sociology, 88
Mirande, A. (1980). Fear of crime and fear of the police in a Chicano community.Sociology and Social Research, 64, 528–541.
Murphy, D. W. & Worrall, J. L. (1998).The impact of officer residency requirements on public perceptions of the police. Paper presented at the 35th annual meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Albuquerque, NM.
O’Brien, J. T. (1978). Public attitudes toward the police.Journal of Police Science and Administration, 6, 303–310.
Parks, R. B. (1984). Linking objective and subjective measures of performance.Public Administration Review, 44
Peak, K. J. (1997).Policing America: Methods, issues, challenges. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Preiss, J. & Ehrlich, H. (1958).An examination of role theory: The case of state police. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Reisig, M. D. & Correia, M. E. (1997). Public evaluations of police performance: An analysis across three levels of policing.Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 20
Sagi, D. & Wellford, C. (1968). Age composition and patterns of change in criminal statistics.Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, 59
Scaglion, R. & Condon, R. (1980). The structure of black and white attitudes toward the police.Human Organization, 39, 280–283.
Schwartz, A. & Clarren, S. (1978).The Cincinnati team policing experiment: A technical report. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office.
Skogan, W. G. (1975). Public policy and public evaluations of criminal justice system performance. In J. A. Gardiner and M. A. Mulkey (Eds.),Crime and criminal justice (pp. 189–210). Lexington, KY: D.C. Heath.
Skogan, W. G. (1987).Disorder and community decline. Evanston, IL: Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research, Northwestern University.
Smith, D. & Uchida, C. (1988). The social organization of self-help: A study of defensive weapon ownership.American Sociological Review, 53
Smith, P. & Hawkins, R. (1973). Victimization, types of citizen-police contacts, and attitudes toward the police.Law and Society Review, 8
Thurman, Q. C. & Reisig, M. (1996). Community-oriented research in an era of community-oriented policing.American Behavioral Scientist, 39
Vedder, C. & Keller, O. (1965). The police and middle class conflicts.Police, 9, 6–8.
Walker, D., Richardson, R., Williams, O., Denyer, T., & McGaughey, S. (1972). Contact and support: An empirical assessment of public attitudes toward the police and the courts.North Carolina Law Review, 51, 43–79.
Weisheit, R., Wells, E., & Falcone, D. (1995).Crime and policing in rural and small-town America: An overview of the issues. Washington D.C: U.S. Department of Justice.
Wellford, C. (1973). Age composition and the increase in recorded crime.Criminology, 11
White, M. E. & Menke, B. A. (1978). A critical analysis of surveys of public opinions toward police agencies.Journal of Police Science and Administration, 6, 204–218.
Wilson, J. Q. (1985).Thinking about crime. New York: Vintage.
Winfree, T. & Griffiths, C. (1977). Adolescent attitudes toward the police. In T. Ferdinand (ed.),Juvenile delinquency: Little brother grows up (pp. 79–99). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Wirths, C. (1958). The development of attitudes toward law enforcement.Police, 3, 50–52.
Wycoff, M. & Skogan, W. (1993).Community Policing in Madison: Quality from the inside out. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Justice.
Zambie, E. & Annesley, P. (1987). Some determinants of public attitudes toward the police.Journal of Police Science and Administration, 15, 285–290.
Zevitz, R. G. & Rettammel, R. J. (1990). Elderly attitudes about police service.American Journal of Police, 9, 25–39.