American Journal of Criminal Justice

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 169–187

“Clean up and go straight”: Effects of drug treatment on recidivism among felony probationers


  • Wm. Reed Benedict
    • Eastern Illinois University
    • Department of Sociology and AnthropologyUniversity of Central Florida
  • Jay Corzine
    • Department of Sociology and AnthropologyUniversity of Central Florida

DOI: 10.1007/BF02887256

Cite this article as:
Benedict, W.R., Huff-Corzine, L. & Corzine, J. AJCJ (1998) 22: 169. doi:10.1007/BF02887256


The central question we address in this article is whether participation in court-ordered drug treatment programs reduces future criminal involvement among convicted property offenders who have a history of drug abuse. Using a national sample of male property offenders sentenced to felony probation, we analyze drug treatment experience on probationers’ recidivism rates by employing proportional hazards techniques. Results indicate that how successful white men are in completing courtordered drug treatment programs has no significant effect on their recidivism rates. However, AfricanAmerican and Hispanic men who satisfy the expectations of their drug treatment programs are significantly less likely to be rearrested. Overall, our findings support the contention that drug treatment reduces further criminal behavior among men on probation for felony property offenses. Thus, we recommend that court service personnel strive to provide drug treatment programs for property offenders with a history of drug abuse and that supervisors closely monitor probationers’ activities while in treatment to assure lower rates of recidivism.

Copyright information

© Springer 1998