American Journal of Criminal Justice

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 71–86

Social support and inmate rule violations: A multilevel analysis

  • Shanhe Jiang
  • Marianne Fisher-Giorlando
  • Liping Mo

DOI: 10.1007/BF02885882

Cite this article as:
Jiang, S., Fisher-Giorlando, M. & Mo, L. Am J Crim Just (2005) 30: 71. doi:10.1007/BF02885882


Social support theory is important in explaining inmate behavior within prison but has been largely ignored in the research. Using multilevel analysis, the study examined the effect of social support on inmate misconduct measured by disciplinary infractions in the 1997 Survey of Inmates of State Correctional Facilities in the United Slates. Findings indicate that several social support variables at both the inmate level and prison level affect inmate rule violations per month.

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shanhe Jiang
    • 3
  • Marianne Fisher-Giorlando
    • 1
  • Liping Mo
    • 2
  1. 1.Grambling State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.CenturyTelUSA
  3. 3.Department of Criminal JusticeUniversity of ToledoToledo