, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 423-428

Notes on the Biology and Uses of the Motacú Palm(Attalea phalerata, Arecaceae) from Bolivia

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Abstract

The motacú palm (Attalea phalerata) is widespread in Bolivia and is an economically valuable species as a source of vegetable oil. In Bolivia it is utilized as construction material, food, medicine, cosmetic, and edible oil. Oil extracted from the kernel (60–70% of dry weight) is high in lauric and myristic oils and compares favorably with other tropical oil crops. The palms reach reproductive maturity in 7–10 years and potential oil production from cultivated stands is 1.1-2.4 tons/ha/yr.

Resumen

El motacù, Attalea phalerata que es una especie neotropical, está ampliamente distribuída en Bolivia y tiene un importante potential economico como fuente para aceite vegetal. En Bolivia es aprovechada para fines de construcción, alimenticio, medicinal y cosmético: hojas para techos y ebanistería, troncos para viviendas locales, frutos alimenticios y para la elaboración de aceites. Cerca al 60-70% en peso seco de aceite producido corresponde a la semilla y tiene una producción potencial de 1.1-2.4 toneladas por hectárea por año.