Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat III. The wild ancestor of cultivated common buckwheat, and of tatary buckwheat
- Ohmi Ohnishi
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
By surveying wild Fagopyrum species and their distribution in southern China and the Himalayan hills, I arrived at the conclusion that the newly discovered subspecies F. esculentum ssp. ancestralis Ohnishi is the wild ancestor of cultivated common buckwheat, while previously known wild tatary buckwheat,F. tataricum ssp. potanini Batalin is the wild ancestor of tatary buckwheat. Their original birthplace is revealed to be northwestern corner of Yunnan province for common buckwheat judging from the distribution of wild ancestor, and to be the northwest part of Sichuan province for tatary buckwheat judging from allozyme variability in wild tatary buckwheat. F. cymosum is not the ancestor of cultivated buckwheat; it is only distantly related to cultivated buckwheat, in morphology, isozymes and cpDNA. Several genetic, ecological and taxonomic categories which should be taken into consideration in examining the origin of buckwheat were discussed. Key Words: Fagopyrum esculentum ssp. ancestralis; Fagopyrum tataricum ssp. potanini; southern China theory of origin of buckwheat.
- Brown, A. H. D. 1978. Isozymes, plant population genetic structure and genetic conservation. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 52:145–157. CrossRef
- Campbell, C. G. 1976. Buckwheat. Pages 235–237in N. W. Simmonds, ed., Evolution of crop plants, Longman, London.
- De Candolle,A. 1883. L’Origine des plantes cultivées. Japanese translation by G. Kamo, 1941, Kaizosha, Tokyo.
- De Nattancourt,D. 1977. Incompatibility in angiosperms. Springer, Berlin.
- Deng, Y. 1929. Notes on cereal crops’ names. Nongsheng 116:14–17 (in Chinese).
- Fukuda, Y. 1933. Cytological studies on the wild and cultivated Manchurian soy beans (Glycine L.). Japanese Journal of Botany 4:489–509.
- Gottlieb, L. D. 1981. Electrophoretic evidence and plant populations. Progress in Phytochemistry 7:1–46.
- Hancock, J. F. 1992. Plant evolution and the origin of crop species. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
- Kimura, M., and T. Maruyama. 1971. Pattern of neutral polymorphism in geographically structured population. Genetical Research 18:125–133.
- ]Komarov, V. L. 1901–1907. Flora Manchuriae (Japanese translation by Manchuria Railway Co., Tokyo).
- —. 1938. Origin of cultivated plants. USSR Lenin academy of Agricultural Science, Leningrad (in Russian).
- Krotov, A. S. 1960. Historical accounts of buckwheat in Russia. Pages 414–456in Financial research of village economy and peasants in Russia. AHCCCP, Moscow (in Russian).
- Ledebour, C. F. 1841. Flora Rossica. Suntibus Librarial E Schweizerbart, Stuttgart.
- Li, G. P., and X. Lu. 1987. Early History of agriculture in minority tribes in southern China. Agriculture Publisher, Beijin (in Chinese).
- Li, Q. Y.,and M. X. Yang. 1992. Preliminary investigation on buckwheat origin in Yunnan, China. Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Buckwheat at Taiyuan. p. 44–46.
- Lin, R. F. 1989. Research on an utilization of buckwheat germplasm resources. Pages 24–27in Buckwheat research association in China, ed., A collection of scientific treatises on buckwheat in China. Scientific Publisher, Beijin (in Chinese).
- Maruyama, T. 1971. Analysis of population structure. II. two-dimensional stepping stone models of finite length and other geographically structured populations. Annals of Human Genetics 35:179–196. CrossRef
- Maximowicz, C. 1859. Primitiae Florae Amurcnsis. Pages 1–505in Memoirs L’Academie Imperiale des Sciences par Divers Savants, Impriemrie de L’Academie Imperiale des Sciences, St. Petersburg.
- Murai, M., and O. Ohnishi. 1996. Population genetics of cultivated common buckwheat,Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. X. Diffusion routes revealed by RAPD markers. Genes & Genetic Systems 71:211–218. CrossRef
- Nagatomo, T. 1984. Soba-no-kagaku (Scientific considerations on Buckwheat). Shincho-sha, Tokyo (in Japanese).
- Nakao, S. 1957. Transmittance of cultivated plants through Sino-Himalayan route. Pages 397–420in H. Kihara, ed., Peoples of Nepal Himalaya. Fauna and Flora Research Society, Kyoto.
- Nei, M., and W. S. Li. 1975. Probability of identical monomorphism in related species. Genetical Research 26:31–43. CrossRef
- —,T. Maruyama, and R. Chakraborty. 1975. The bottleneck effect and genetic variability in populations. Evolution 29:1–10. CrossRef
- Ohnishi, O. 1983. Isozyme variation in common buckwheat,Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, and its related species. Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Buckwheat at Miyazaki: 39–50.
- —. 1991. Discovery of wild ancestor of common buckwheat. Fagopyrum 11:5–10.
- —. 1992. Buckwheat in Bhutan. Fagopyrum 12: 5–13.
- —. 1993a. A memorandum on the distribution of buckwheat species in Tibet and the Himalayan hills: Has buckwheat crossed the Himalayas? Fagopyrum 13:3–10.
- —. 1993b. Population genetics of cultivated common buckwheat,Fagopyrum esculentumMoench. IX. concluding remarks on worldwide survey of allozyme variability. Japanese Journal of Genetics 68:317–326. CrossRef
- —. 1994. Buckwheat in Karakoram and the Hindukush. Fagopyrum 14:1–9.
- -. 1995. Discovery of newFagopyrum species and its implication for the studies of evolution ofFagopyrum and of the origin of cultivated buckwheat. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Buckwheat at Ina. p. 175–190.
- -. 1997. Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat. I. Description of newFagopyrum species and their distribution in China. Fagopyrum. In press.
- —,and H. Matsuoka. 1996. Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat. II. taxonomy ofFagopyrumspecies based on morphology, isozymes and cp-DNA variability. Genes & Genetic Systems 71: 383–390. CrossRef
- —,and T. Nishimoto. 1988. Population genetics of cultivated common buckwheat,Fagopyrum esculentumMoench. V. Further studies on allozyme variability in the Indian and Nepali Himalaya. Japanese Journal of Genetics 63:51–66. CrossRef
- Oka, H. I. 1988. Origin of cultivated rice. Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo.
- Sneath, P., and R. Sokal. 1973. Numerical taxonomy. Freeman, San Francisco.
- Steward, A. N. 1930. The Polygoneac of eastern Asia. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 88:1–129.
- Stoletova, E. A. 1958. Buckwheat. National Publishing House of Agricultural Literatures, Moscow (in Russian).
- Takahashi, R. 1955. The origin and evolution of cultivated barley. Advances in Genetics 7:227–266. CrossRef
- Vavilov, N. 1926. Center of origin of cultivated plants. Papers on Applied Botany, Genetics and Plant Breeding, 16(2). Leningrad. (in Russian) English translation by D. Love, 1992. Pages 22–135in Origin and geography of cultivated plants. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.
- Wang, T. Y. 1989. Buckwheat germplasm resources in Tibet. Pages 49–51in Buckwheat Research Association in China, ed., A collection of scientific treatises on buckwheat in China. Scientific Publisher, Beijing (in Chinese).
- Yasuda, Y. 1986. Jomon culture as a part of the world history. Yuzankaku, Tokyo (in Japanese).
- Zhang, M. 1991. Minority tribes in Quizhou province. Quizhou Minzi Publisher, Quiyang (in Chinese).
- Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat III. The wild ancestor of cultivated common buckwheat, and of tatary buckwheat
Volume 52, Issue 2 , pp 123-133
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Ohmi Ohnishi (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Plant Germ-Plasm Institute, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Mozu-me-cho, 617, Mukoh, Kyoto prefecture, Japan