Economic Botany

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 101–129

“Ayahuasca,” the South American hallucinogenic drink: An ethnobotanical and chemical investigation

Authors

  • Laurent Rivier
    • Department of Plant Biology and PhysiologyUniversity of Lausanne
  • Jan-Erik Lindgren
    • Department of Toxicology, Swedish Medical Research CouncilKarolinska Institute
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02860772

Cite this article as:
Rivier, L. & Lindgren, J. Econ Bot (1972) 26: 101. doi:10.1007/BF02860772

Abstract

The Sharanahua and Culina, small Indian tribes located in the southwestern Amazon basin, use a hallucinogenic drink for medicinal and social purposes. This decoction, called “Ayahuasca” in Peru, is prepared from Banisteriopsis Caapi stems and Psychotria sp. leaves. These plants have been botanically identified on the basis of voucher herbarium specimens and investigated for alkaloid content by means of a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. A list of other occasional plant admixtures is given. Harmine, Harmaline, Tetrahydroharmine, Harmol and 6-Methoxytryptamine have been found in Banisteriopsis Caapi. Dimethyltryptamine, Monomethyltryptamine and 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline have been found in Psychotria viridis and Psychotria carthaginensis. Harmine, Harmaline, Tetrahydroharmine and Dimethyltryptamine have been found in the drink. Quantitative calculations show the amount of each alkaloid administered in the Ayahuasca drink.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1972