Beddows, A. R. 1931. Seed setting and flowering in various grasses. Welsh Plant Breed. Sta. [Aberystwyth] Bull. (Ser. H)21: 5–99.
Bentley, J. R., andR. L. Fenner. 1958. Soil temperatures during burning related to postfire seedbeds on woodland range. Jour. Forestry56: 737–740.
Billings, W. D.
1949. The shadscale vegetation zone of Nevada and eastern California in relation to climate and soils. Amer. Mid. Nat.42
—. 1951. Vegetational zonation in the Great Basin.In: “Les bases écologiques de la régénération de la végétation des zones arides.” U.I.S.B. [Paris] pp. 101–122.
—. 1952. The environmental complex in relation to plant growth and distribution. Quart. Rev. Biol.27
Blouch, R. M. 1953. Annual grass weeds succumb to chemical control methods. Crops and Soils6: 9, 24.
Bohmont, D. W. 1953. Weeds of Wyoming. Wyo. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 325.
Bovey, R. W., D. LeTourneau
, andL. C. Erickson
. 1961. The chemical composition of medusahead and downy brome. Weeds9
Bruns, V. G., W. W. Heineman, andD. L. Oldemeyer. 1959. Control of downy brome in alfalfa and related studies. U.S. Dept. Agr., Tech. Bull. 1197.
California Forest and Range Experiment Station. 1954. Annual report forest research in California. U.S. Forest Serv.
Clarke, S. E., J. A. Campbell, andW. Shevkenek. 1950. The identification of certain native and naturalized grasses by their vegetative characters. Canada Dept. Agr., Pub. 762, Tech. Bull. 50.
Clinton, G. D. 1906. Ustilaginales. No. Amer. Flora7: 1–82.
Committee on Feed Composition of the Agricultural Board, National Academy of Sciences—National Research Council. 1958. Composition of cereal grains and forages. [Prepared by Donald F. Miller, Tech. Sec., N.R.C., National Research Council Pub. 585, Washington, D. C.] 663 pp.
Cook, C. W., andL. E. Harris. 1952. Nutritive value of cheatgrass and crested wheatgrass on spring ranges of Utah. Jour. Range Mangt.5: 331–337.
Costello, D. F.
1944. Important species of the major forage types in Colorado and Wyoming. Ecol. Monog.14
-, andH. E. Schwan. 1946. Conditions and trends on ponderosa pine ranges in Colorado. U.S. Forest Serv.
Cottam, W. P.
, andF. R. Evans
. 1945. A comparative study of the vegetation of the grazed and ungrazed canyons of the Wasatch Range, Utah. Ecology26
Craddock, G. W., andC. K. Pearse. 1938. Surface run-off and erosion on granitic mountain soils of Idaho as influenced by range cover, soil disturbance, slope and precipitation intensity. U.S. Dept. Agr., Cir. 482.
1940. Plant succession due to overgrazing in theAgropyron
bunchgrass prairie of southeastern Washington. Ecology21
—. 1942. An ecological study of the vegetation of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho. Ecol. Monog.12
—. 1952. Forest vegetation of northern Idaho and adjacent Washington, and its bearing on concepts of vegetation classification. Ecol. Monog.22
Davis, R. J. 1952. Flora of Idaho. 828 pp.
Dow Chemical Co. 1953. Dalapon. Dow Chemical Co. Bull.2. 20 pp.
Ellison, L., andA. R. Croft. 1944. Principles and indicators for judging condition and trend of high range-watersheds. U.S. Forest Serv., Intermountain Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Res. Paper 6.
Evans, Raymond A.
1961. Effect of different densities of downy brome (Bromus tectorum
) on growth and survival of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum
) in the greenhouse. Weeds9
Finnerty, D. W. 1951. Life cycles and control measures for weedy bromegrasses. [Unpublished manuscript prepared for NC-10 Committee Meeting, Oklahoma City, Okla.]
Fischer, G. W.
1937. Observations on the comparative morphology and taxonomic relationships of certain grass smuts in western North America. Mycologia29
Fleming, C. E., M. A. Shipley, andM. R. Miller. 1942. Bronco grass (Bromus tectorum) on Nevada ranges. Nev. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 159.
Friedrich, C. A. 1945. Seeding wheatgrass on cheatgrass land. U.S. Forest Serv., North. Rocky Mtn. Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Res. Note 38.
Garret, O. A.
1921. Smuts and rusts of Utah. IV. Mycologia13
Hafenrichter, A. L. 1942. The natural grasslands of the Northwest.In: Freeman, O. W., and H. H. Martin [eds.] Pacific Northwest: 146–158.
Hansen, R. A. 1946. Range condition—a classification of the grass-sagebrush range in the Weiser River Soil Conservation District. U.S. Soil Conserv. Serv.
Hanson, H. C. 1950. Ecology of the grassland. II. Bot. Rev.16: 283–360.
Hanson, W. R., andL. A. Stoddart. 1940. Effects of grazing upon bunch wheatgrass. Amer. Soc. Agron., Jour.32: 278–289.
Haupt, H. F. 1956. Nitrogen loss from granitic soils on cheatgrass brome range. Forest Sci.2: 269–272.
Hironaka, M. 1961. The relative rate of root development of cheatgrass and medusahead. Jour. Range Mangt.14: 263–267.
Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States. Ed. 2, rev. by Agnes Chase. U.S. Dept. Agr., Misc. Pub. 200.
Howell, Thomas. 1903. Flora of Northwest America. 792 pp.
Hulbert, Lloyd C.
1955. Ecological studies ofBromus tectorum
and other annual bromegrasses. Ecol. Monog.25
Hull, A. C., Jr. 1944. Regrassing southern Idaho range lands. Ida. Ext. Bull. 146.
—. 1949. Growth periods and herbage production of cheatgrass and reseeded grasses in southwestern Idaho. Jour. Range Mangt.2: 183–186.
-, andC. Kenneth Pearse. 1943. How to reseed southern Idaho range lands. U.S. Forest Serv. Intermountain Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Res. Paper 2.
—, andJ. F. Pechanec. 1947. Cheatgrass—a challenge to range research. Jour. Forestry45: 555–564.
—, andG. Stewart. 1948. Replacing cheatgrass by reseeding with perennial grass on southern Idaho ranges. Amer. Soc. Agron., Jour.40: 694–703.
Hurtt, L. C. 1939. Downy brome (cheatgrass) range for horses. U.S. Forest Serv., North. Rocky Mtn. Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Appl. Forestry Note 89.
Hutchings, S. S., andGeorge Stewart. 1953. Increasing forage yields and sheep production on Intermountain winter ranges. U.S. Dept. Agr., Cir. 925.
Joy, C. R., L. Helwig, T. Reiger, andM. Supola. 1954. A comparison of grass growth on different horizons of three grassland soils. Jour. Range Mangt.7: 212–214.
Kay, Burgess L., C. F. Walker, J. E. Street, andJ. L. Myler. 1958. Range management investigations. Demonstration ranges. Univ. of Calif., Davis [Progress Report].
Kearney, T. H., L. J. Briggs, H. L. Shantz, and others. 1914. Indicator significance of vegetation in Tooele Valley, Utah. Jour. Agr. Res.1: 365–417.
Kosesan, W. H. 1958. Chemical control of cheatgrass on roadsides in eastern Oregon. Res. Progress Report. Western Weed Control Conf., p. 106.
Krall, J. L. 1955. Residual effects of dalapon to spring wheat. Mont. Agr. Exp. Sta., Res. Prog. Rep. Western Weed Control Conf., pp. 52, 53.
Laude, Horton M. 1956. Germination of freshly harvested seed of some western range species. Jour. Range Mangt.9: 126–129.
Leopold, Aldo. 1941. Cheat takes over. The Land1: 310–313.
Megee, C. R. 1938. Wild oats or downy brome. Mich. Agr. Exp. Sta., Occas. Bull.20(3): 153–156.
Packer, Paul E. 1953. Effects of trampling disturbance on watershed condition, runoff, and erosion. Jour. Forestry51: 28–31.
—. 1951. An approach to watershed protection criteria. Jour. Forestry49: 639–644.
Patterson, J. K., andV. E. Youngman. 1960. Can fertilizers effectively increase our range land production. Jour. Range Mangt.13: 255–257.
Parrish, S. B. 1920. The immigrant plants of southern California. South. Calif. Acad. Sci., Bull.19: 3–20.
Pechanec, J. F. 1945. Indicators of downward trend on sagebrush-perennial grass ranges grazed by sheep in the spring and fall. U.S. Forest Serv. Intermountain Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Res. Paper 12.
—,C. E. Fisher, andK. W. Parker. 1948. How to control noxious plants. U.S. Dept. Agr., Yearbook1948: 256–260.
—, andA. C. Hull, Jr. 1945. Spring forage lost through cheatgrass fires. Nat. Wool Grower35(4): 13.
-, andG. Stewart. 1949. Grazing spring-fall sheep ranges of southern Idaho. U.S. Dept. Agr., Cir. 808.
-, -, andJames P. Blaisdell. 1954. Sagebrush burning—good and bad. U.S. Dept. Agr., Farm. Bull. 1945.
Pickford, G. D.
1932. The influence of continued heavy grazing and of promiscuous burning on spring-fall ranges in Utah. Ecology13
Piemeisel, R. L. 1932. Weedy abandoned lands and the weed hosts of the beet leaf hopper. U.S. Dept. Agr., Cir. 229.
-. 1938. Changes in weedy plant cover on cleared sagebrush land and their probable causes. U.S. Dept. Agr., Tech. Bull. 654.
-. 1942. A general appraisal of plant cover in relation to beet leafhoppers, forage production, and soil protection. Ann. Amer. Soc. Sugarbeet Technol: 1–3.
-. 1945. Natural replacement of weed hosts of beet leafhopper as affected by rodents. U. S. Dept. Agr., Cir. 739.
—. 1951. Causes affecting change and rate of change in a vegetation of annuals in Idaho. Ecology32
-, andJ. C. Chamberlin. 1936. Land-improvement measures in relation to a possible control of the beet leafhopper and curly top. U.S. Dept. Agr., Cir. 416.
Piper, C. V. 1906. Flora of Washington. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. Vol. XI. 637 pp.
—, andR. Kent Beattie. 1901. The flora of the Palouse region. Wash. Agr. Col. and School Sci., Pullman, Wash.
Platt, K., andE. R. Jackman. 1946. The cheatgrass problem in Oregon. Oreg. Agr. Ext. Ser., Bull. 668.
Plummer, A. Perry, A. C. Hull, Jr., George Stewart, andJ. H. Robertson. 1955. Seeding rangelands in Utah, Nevada, southern Idaho, and western Wyoming. U.S. Forest Serv., Agr. Handb. 71.
Range Seeding Equipment Committee. 1959. Handbook, chemical control of range weeds. U.S. Dept. Agr. and U.S. Dept. Int.
Reid, E. H. 1942. Important plants on national forest ranges of eastern Oregon and eastern Washington. U.S. Forest Serv. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Range Res. Rep. 1. 64 pp.
-, andG. D. Pickford. 1946. Judging mountain meadow range condition in eastern Oregon and eastern Washington. U. S. Dept. Agr., Cir. 748.
Reitz, L. P., andH. E. Morris. 1939. Important grasses and other important plants on Montana ranges. Mont. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 375.
Richards, L. W. 1940. Effect of certain chemical attributes of vegetation on forest inflammability. Jour. Agr. Res.60: 833–838.
Robertson, J. H., andC. K. Pearse. 1945. Artificial reseeding and the closed community. Northwest Sci.19(3): 58–66.
Robocker, W. C. 1961. The influence of perennial vegetation and precipitation on occurrence ofHalogeton glomeratus andBromus tectorum in arid and semi-arid regions. Jour. Range Mangt.14: 28–34.
Rummell, R. S.
1946. Some effects of competition from cheatgrass brome on crested wheatgrass and bluestem wheatgrass. Ecology27
Sampson, Arthur W. 1944. Plant succession on burned chaparral lands in northern California. Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 685.
Short, L. R. 1943. Reseeding to increase the yield of Montana range lands. U.S. Dept. Agr., Farm. Bull. 1924.
Spence, Liter E. 1937. Root studies of important range plants of the Boise River watershed. Jour. Forestry35: 747–754.
Spilsbury, R. H., andE. W. Tisdale. 1944. Soil-plant relationships and vertical zonation in the southern interior of British Columbia. Sci. Agr.24: 395–436.
Sprague, Roderick. 1950. Diseases of cereals and grasses in North America (fungi, except smuts and rusts). 538 pp.
—. 1953. Root and crown rots of the grasses. U.S. Dept. Agr., Yearbook1953: 267–272.
Stark, R. H., J. L. Toevs, andA. L. Hafenrichter. 1946. Grasses and cultural methods of reseeding abandoned farm lands in southern Idaho. Ida. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 267.
, andA. C. Hull
. 1949. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum
L.)—an ecologie intruder in southern Idaho. Ecology30
-,R. H. Walker, andR. Price. 1939. Reseeding range lands of the Intermountain Region. U.S. Dept. Agr., Farm. Bull. 1823.
—, andA. E. Young. 1939. The hazard of basing permanent grazing capacity onBromus tectorum. Amer. Soc. Agron., Jour.31: 1002–1015.
Stoddart, L. A. 1946. Seeding arid ranges to grass, with special reference to precipitation. Utah Agr. Exp. Sta., Cir. 122.
Tisdale, E. W.
1947. The grasslands of the southern interior of British Columbia. Ecology28
U.S. Forest Service. 1937. Range plant handbook. U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D. C.
University of Idaho Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, College of Forestry. 1959. Eleventh annual report for the fiscal year 1958–1959. 46 pp.
Warg, S. A. 1938. Life history and economic studies onBromus tectorum. Unpub. M.S. Thesis, Univ. Montana. Missoula. 38 pp.
Whitman, Warren. 1941. Grass. No. Dak. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bull. 300.
Wright, J. C.
, andE. A. Wright
. 1948. Grassland types of south central Montana. Ecology29
Young, V. A. 1943. Changes in vegetation and soil of Palouse Prairie caused by overgrazing. Jour. Forestry41: 834–838.
Zundel, G. L.
1921. Smuts and rusts of northern Utah and southern Idaho. Mycologia13