Article

Advances in Therapy

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 101-107

Effect of cod liver oil on symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

  • Joerg GruenwaldAffiliated withInstitute for Phytopharmaceuticals, PhytoPharm Consulting
  • , Hans Joachim GraubaumAffiliated withInstitute for Phytopharmaceuticals, PhytoPharm Consulting
  • , Andrea HardeAffiliated withInstitute for Phytopharmaceuticals, PhytoPharm Consulting

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Abstract

In this pilot study, 43 patients with rheumatoid arthritis ingested 1 g of cod liver oil (one capsule) daily for 3 months. Decreases occurred in morning stiffness (52.4%;P < 10-3), painful (42.7%) and swollen (40%) joints (P= 10−3 each), and pain intensity (67.5%). Ratings of “good” or “very good” were awarded by 68% of the patients for efficacy and by 95% for tolerability. Eleven patients reported nonsevere adverse effects that in 3 cases may have been related to the study preparation. Cod liver oil can be recommended for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Keywords

cod liver oil fish oil rheumatoid arthritis rheumatic symptoms rheumatalgia antirheumatic therapy