The Blue Baby Syndrome
- Deepanjan Majumdar
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Blue Baby Syndrome or Methemoglobinemia is caused by decreased ability of blood to carry oxygen, resulting in oxygen deficiency in different body parts. Infants are more susceptible than adults. The disease can be caused by intake of water and vegetables high in nitrate, exposure to chemicals containing nitrate, or can even be hereditary. Groundwater gets contaminated by leaching of nitrate generated from fertilizer used in agricultural lands and waste dumps in rural and urban areas. Prevention of water contamination, abstention from drinking contaminated water and controlling nitrate levels in drinking water by water treatment are effective preventive measures against nitrate poisoning.
- T M Addiscott, A P Whitmore and D S Powlson,Farming, Fertilizers and the Nitrate Problem, CAB International Wallingford, Oxon., 1991.
- O C Bocktnan and T Granli, Human health aspects of nitrate intake from food and water In Chemistry,Agriculture and the Environment (ed M L Richardson), The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, p. 373, 1991.
- D D Weisenberger, Potential health consequences of groundwater contamination by nitrates in Nebraska. InNitrate Contamination: Exposure, consequence and control, eds I Bogardi and RD Kuzella, NATO ASI Ser. G: Ecological Sciences 30, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 309–315, 1991.
- The Blue Baby Syndrome
Volume 8, Issue 10 , pp 20-30
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- Springer India
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- 1. Department of Environmental Science, Institute of Science and Technology for Advanced Studies and Research (ISTAR), 388120, Vallabh Vidyanagar Gujarat, India