Grandmothers’ influence on child care
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Objective: This paper compares child care-giving and child's nutritional status among rural families where grandmothers were present and those where grandmothers were absent. Methods: From 27 villages in rural Vadodara, four were randomly selected and all the families (n=31) with children (3–24 months) where grandmothers were present (GMP) were compared with 39 families where grandmothers were absent (GMA). Semi structured questionnaires were used to assess beliefs-practices of mothers and grandmothers regarding breastfeeding and complementary feeding (BF-CF). Nutrient intake of the children and nutritional status were measured using standard procedures.Results: Some deleterious practices were present in a similar proportion of both GMP and GMA groups: giving prelacteals, delaying initiation of BF, exclusive breastfeeding <3 months and delaying initiation of CF. Favorable practices present in significantly more GMP were: active feeding and use of anganwadi services. Grandmother’s help enabled mother to practice more care-giving behaviors. However, children in both the groups had low calorie intake (<40% RDA) and a high prevalence of under nutrition: 56–64% (Weight-for-Age z score <−2).Conclusion: Role of family members in childcare and the benefits of including them in interventions to improve child survival, health and nutrition status need to be further researched.
- NFHS-2. National Family Health Survey, India and Gujarat. International Institute for Population Sciences (UPS) and ORC Macro, 1998–1999.
- Bereng L, Bikes F, Nxumalo TP. Patterns of decision making on complementary feeding practices by caregivers of children aged 0–36 months in Ratchaburi, Thailand.SPH online,http://www.sph.uq.edu.au/acinthn/reports/cn/00,COMPFEEDING.htm.2, 2000.
- Martorell R, Kettel Khan, L, Schroeder DG. Reversibility of stunting: epidemiological findings in children from developing countries.Eur J Clin Nutr 1994; S45–S57.
- UNICEF. Strategy for improved nutrition of children and women in developing countries. New York, 1990.
- Aubel J, Ibrahima T, Diagne Met al. Strengthening grandmother networks to improve community nutrition: experience from Senegal.Gender and Development OXFAM 2001; 9(2): 62–73(12). CrossRef
- Gibson RS.Principles of nutritional assessment. New York, Oxford University Press, 1984.
- Indian Council of Medical Research.Recommended dietary intakes for Indians. Hyderabad Avon Printing works, India, 1991.
- Ludvigsson JF. Breastfeeding in Bolivia—information and attitudes. PitBMC Pediatr 2003; 3 (4).
- Kannan S, Carruth B, Skinner J. Infant Feeding Practices of Anglo American and Asian Indian American Mothers.Journal of the American College of Nutrition 1999; 18(3): 279–286.
- Sear R, Mace R, McGregor IA. Maternal grandmothers improve the nutritional status and survival of children in rural Gambia.Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 2000; 267: 1641–1647. CrossRef
- Grandmothers’ influence on child care
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 73, Issue 4 , pp 295-298
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer India
- Additional Links
- Grandmothers' support
- Complementary feeding
- Industry Sectors