Chemical contamination, toxicity, and benthic community indices in sediments of the lower Miami River and adjoining portions of Biscayne Bay, Florida
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
A large-scale survey of sediment quality in Biscayne Bay, Florida, was conducted in 1995–1996 to characterize the relative degree, geographic patterns, and spatial extent of degraded sediment quality. Chemical analyses and multiple toxicity tests were performed on 226 surficial sediment samples collected over an area of 484 km2 in greater Biscayne Bay, including saltwater reaches of several tributaries. Benthic samples were collected and analyzed at one-third of the locations. One or more chemical concentrations exceeded effects range median (ERM) values in 35 samples, representing an area of 5.4 km2 (1.1% of the survey area). Highly toxic conditions in amphipod survival tests occurred in 24 of the samples, representing 62 km2 (13% of the area). Highly significant results were more frequently observed in three sub-lethal tests: sea urchin fertilization (affecting 47% of the area), sea urchin embryological development (84% of the area), and microbial bioluminescence (51% of the area). The highest levels of chemical contamination (range in mean ERM quotients of 0.2 to 2.0, average 0.76) were observed in samples from the lower Miami River. The high degree of contamination in the river contrasted sharply with conditions in the bay, where chemical concentrations generally were much lower (range in mean ERM quotients of 0.005 to 0.21, average 0.04). Amphipod survival tests showed a very high degree of correspondence with a gradient in chemical contamination in the river and adjoining reaches of the bay. Correlation analyses, scatter plots, and principal component analyses indicated that both amphipod survival in the laboratory tests and the abundance and diversity of the benthos decreased sharply with increasing concentrations of mixtures of organic compounds and trace metals in the sediments. The triad of analyses provided a strong weight of evidence of pollution-induced degradation of sediment quality in the riverine locations.
- ASTM. 1992. Standard Guide for Conducting 10-day Static Toxicity Test with Marine and Estuarine Amphipods. Designation E 1367–92. Annual Book of Standards. 11. 04. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- Barry A. Vittor andAssociates, Inc. 1991. Bioassays conducted on sediments from Miami River, Florida. Barry A. Vittor and Associates, Inc., Mobile, Alabama.
- Carr, R. S. andD. C. Chapman. 1992. Comparison of solidphase and pore-water approaches for assessing the quality of marine and estuarine sediments.Chemistry and Ecology 7:19–30. CrossRef
- Carr, R. S., P. A. Montagna, J. M. Biedenbach, R. Kalke, M. C. Kennicutt, R. Hooten, andG. Cripe. 2000. Impact of storm-water outfalls on sediment quality in Corpus Christi Bay, Texas, USA.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19: 561–574. CrossRef
- Chapman, P. M. 1996. Presentation and interpretation of sediment quality triad data.Ecotoxicology 5:327–339. CrossRef
- Chapman, P. M., E. R. Long, andR. N. Dexter. 1997. Synoptic measures of sediment contamination, toxicity and infaunal community composition (the sediment quality triad) in San Francisco Bay.Marine Ecology Progress Series 37:75–96. CrossRef
- Corcoran, E. F. 1983. Report on the analyses of five Biscayne Bay sediments. University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Miami, Florida.
- Corcoran, E. F., M. S. Brown, F. R. Baddour, S. A. Chasens, andA. D. Frey. 1983. Biscayne Bay Hydrocarbon Study. Final Report to Florida. University of Miami, Miami, Florida.
- Corcoran, E. F., M. S. Brown, and A. D. Frey. 1984. The study of chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls and phthalic acid esters in sediment of Biscayne Bay. University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. Prepared for Metro-Dade County, Miami, Florida.
- Hyland, J. L., T. R. Snoots, andW. L. Balthis. 1998. Sediment quality of estuaries in the southeastern U.S.Einvormental Monitoring and Assessment 51:331–343. CrossRef
- Hyland, J. L., R. F. van Dolah, andT. R. Snoots. 1999. Predicting stress in benthic communities of southeastern U.S. estuaries in relation to chemical contamination of sediments.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18:2557–2564. CrossRef
- Johnson, B. T. andE. R. Long. 1998. Papid Toxicity Assessment of sediments from estuarine ecosystems: A new tandem in vitro testing approach.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17:1099–1106. CrossRef
- Lauenstein, G. G. andA. Y. Cantillo (eds.). 1993. Sampling and analytical methods of the National Status and Trends Program National Benthic Surveillance and Mussel Watch projects, 1984–1992. NOAA Tech. Memo. NOS ORCA 71, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.
- Lauenstein, G. G. andA. Y. Cantillo (eds.). 1998. Sampling and analytical methods of the National Status and Trends Program Mussel Watch project: 1993–1998 update. NOAA Tech. Memo. NOS ORCA 130. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.
- Long, E. R. 1989. Use of the sediment quality triad in classification of sediment contamination, p. 78–99.In Contaminated Marine Sediments-Assessment and Remediation. Marine Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
- Long, E. R. 2000. Spatial extent of sediment toxicity in U.S. estuaries and marine bays.Environmental Monitoring and Assessement 64:391–407. CrossRef
- Long, E. R. andP. M. Chapman. 1985. A sediment quality triad: Measures of sediment contamination, toxicity and infaunal community composition in Puget Sound.Marine Pollution Bulletin 16:405–415. CrossRef
- Long, E. R., L. J. Field, andD. D. MacDonald. 1998. Predicting toxicity in marine sediments with numerical sediment quality guidelines.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17:714–727. CrossRef
- Long, E. R., C. B. Hong, andC. G. Severn. 2001. Relationships between acute sediment toxicity in laboratory tests and the abundance and diversity of benthic infauna in marine sediments: A review.Enviromental Toxicology and Chemistry 20:46–60. CrossRef
- Long, E. R. andD. D. MacDonald. 1998. Recommended uses of empirically-derived, sediment quality guidelines for marine and estuarine ecosystems.Journal of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 4:1019–1039. CrossRef
- Long, E. R., D. D. MacDonald, S. L. Smith, andF. D. Calder. 1995. Incidence of adverse biological effects within ranges of chemical concentrations in marine and estuarine sediments.Environmental Management 19:81–97. CrossRef
- Long, E. R., A. Robertson, D. A. Wolfe J. Hameedi, andG. M. Sloane. 1996. Estimates of the spatial extent of sediment toxicity in major U.S. estuaries.Environmental Science and Technology 30:3585–3592. CrossRef
- Long, E. R., G. M. Sloane, G. I. Scott, B. Thompson, R. S. Carr, J. Biedenbach, T. L. Wade, B. J. Presley, K. J. Scott, C. Mueller, G. Brecken-Fols, B. Albrecht, J. W. Anderson, andG. T. Chandler. 1999. Magnitude and extent of sediment contamination and toxicity in Biscayne Bay and vicinity. NOAA Tech. Memo. NOS NCCOS CCMA 141. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Silver Spring, Maryland.
- MacDonald, D. D. 1994. Approach to the assessment of sediment quality in Florida Coastal Waters. Prepared by MacDonald Environmental Sciences. Ltd for Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, Florida.
- MacDonald, D. D., R. S. Carr, F. D. Calder, E. R. Long, andC. G. Ingersoll. 1996. Development and evaluation of sediment quality guidelines for Florida coastal waters.Ecotoxicology 5:253–278. CrossRef
- Pearson, T. H. andR. Rosenberg. 1978. Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment.Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 16:229–311.
- PPBEnvironmental Laboratories, Inc. 1991. Final report for obtaining and analyzing sediment samples, water samples, and bioassay samples from Miami River. PPB Environmental Laboratories, Inc. Gainesville, Florida.
- SASInstitute, Inc. 1992. SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Version 6, 4th edition, Volume 2. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, North Carolina.
- Schimmel, S. C., B. D. Melzian, D. E. Campbell, C. J. Strobel, S. J. Benyi, J. S. Rosen, andH. W. Buffum. 1994. Statistical summary EMAP-Estuaries Virginian Province—1991. EPA/620/R/94/005. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Narragansett, Rhode Island.
- Schmale, M. C. 1991. Effects of historical contaminants on biota in Biscayne Bay. Florida 1991–93. University of Miami, RSMAS report prepared for South Florida Water Management District. West Palm Beach, Florida.
- Schropp, S. J., F. G. Lewis, H. L. Windom, J. D. Ryan, R. D. Calder, andL. C. Burney. 1990. Interpretation of metal concentrations in estuarine sediments of Florida using aluminum as a reference element.Estuaries 13:227–235. CrossRef
- Schwartz, T. R. andD. L. Stalling. 1991. Chemometric comparison of polychlorinated biphenyl residues and toxicologically active polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in the eggs of Foster’s terns.Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 20:183–199. CrossRef
- Seal, T. L., F. D. Calder, G. M. Sloane, S. J. Schropp, andH. L. Windom. 1994. Florida Coastal Sediment Contaminants Atlas. Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Tallahassee, Florida.
- South Florida Water Management District. 1994. An update of the surface water improvement and management plan for Biscayne Bay. South Florida Water Management District. West Palm Beach, Florida.
- Thursby, G. B., J. Heltshe, andK. J. Scott. 1997. Revised approach to toxicity test acceptability criteria using a statistical performance assessment.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16:1322–1329. CrossRef
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1986. Recommended protocols for conducting laboratory bioassays on Puget Sound sediments. Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, Puget Sound Estuary Program, Seattle, Washington.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1990. Recommended protocols for conducting laboratory bioassays on Puget Sound sediments. Final Report. Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, Puget Sound Estuary Program, Seattle, Washington.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1994 Recommended guidelines for conducting laboratory bioassays on Puget Sound sediments. Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, Puget Sound Estuary Program, Seattle, Washington.
- U.S.Environmental Protection Agency. 1996. The National Sediment Quality Survey: A report to Congress on the extent and severity of sediment contamination in surface waters of the United States. Draft EPA-823-D-96-002. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
- Waite, T. D. 1976. Man’s impact on the chemistry of Biscayne Bay, p. 279–286.In A. Thorhaug (ed.). Biscayne Bay: Past/present/future. University of Miami Sea Grant Special Report No. 5. University of Miami, Miami, Florida.
- Chemical contamination, toxicity, and benthic community indices in sediments of the lower Miami River and adjoining portions of Biscayne Bay, Florida
Volume 25, Issue 4 , pp 622-637
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOS/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, 7600 Sand Point Way Northeast, 98115, Seattle, Washington
- 3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOS/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, 1305 East-West Highway, 20910, Silver Spring, Maryland
- 4. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, MS 3525, 2600 Blair Stone Road, 32399-2400, Tallahassee, Florida
- 5. EVS Environment Consultants, 200 West Mercer Street, Suite 403, 98119, Seattle, Washington