Barange, M. 1994. Acoustic identification, classification and structure of biological patchiness on the edge of the Agulhas Bank and its relation to frontal features.South African Journal of Marine Science 14:333–347.
Baumgartner, T. R., A. Soutar, andV. Ferreira-Bartrina. 1992. Reconstruction of the history of Pacific sardine and northern anchovy populations over the past two millennia from sediments of the Santa Barbara Basin, California.Cal-COFI Reports 33:24–40.
Beamish, R. J.
1993. Climate and exceptional fish production off the West Coast of North America.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Beamish, R. J.
andD. R. Bouillon
. 1993. Pacific salmon production trends in relation to climate.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Beamish, R. J., G. A. McFarlane, andJ. R. King. 2000. Fisheries climatology: Understanding decadal scale processes that naturally regulate British Columbia fish populations, p. 94–145.In P. J. Harrison and T. R. Parson (eds.), Fisheries Oceanography: An Integrative Approach to Fisheries Ecology and Management. Blackwell Science, Oxford, U.K.
Benson, A. J.
andA. W. Trites
. 2002. Ecological effects of regime-shifts in the Bering Sea and eastern North Pacific Ocean.Fish and Fisheries
Brodeur, R. D., R. C. Francis
, andW. G. Pearcy
. 1992. Food consumption of juvenile coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch
) and chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha
) on the continental shelf off Washington and Oregon.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Chavez, F. P., J. Ryan, S. E. Lluch-Cota
, andM. Niquen-C.
2003. From anchovies to sardines and back: Multidecadal change in the Pacific Ocean. Science 299:217–221.CrossRef
DeRobertis, A., J. S. Jaffe
, andM. D. Ohman
. 2000. Size-dependent visual predation risk and the timing of vertical migration in zooplankton.Limnology and Oceanography
Francis, R. C.
. 1994. Decadal-scale regime shifts in the large marine ecosystems of the North-east Pacific: As case for historical science.Fisheries Oceanography
Guttormsen, M. A. 2001. Echo integration-trawl survey of Pacific whiting,Merluccius productus, off the west coasts of the United States and Canada during June–July 2001. Preliminary cruise results F/AKC2:Sd. Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington.
Haralick, R. andL. Shapiro. 1992. Computer and Robot Vision, Volume 1. Addison-Wesley. Reading, Massachusetts.
. 2000. Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989.Progress in Oceanography
Hastie, T. andN. Tibshirani. 1990. Generalized Additive Models. Wadsworth, New York.
Hickey, B. M.
1979. The California current system—Hypotheses and fact.Progress in Oceanography
Hickey, B. M. 1998. Coastal oceanography of western North America from the tip of Baja California to Vancouver Island, p. 345–393.In A. R. Robinson and K. H. Brink (eds.), The sea, Volume 11. John Wiley, New York.
Hickey, B. M.
andN. S. Banas
. 2003. Oceanography of the U.S. Pacific Northwest coastal ocean and estuaries with application to coastal ecology.Estuaries
Hickey, B. M., L. Pietrafesa, D. Jay
, andW. C. Boicourt
. 1998. The Columbia River plume study: Subtidal variability in the velocity and salinity fields.Journal of Geophysical Research
, Jr.,G. L., P. Stabeno, G. Walters, E. Sinclair, R. D. Brodeur, J. M. Napp
, andN. A. Bond
. 2002. Climate change and control of the southeasthern Bering Sea pelagic ecosystem.Deep Sea Research Part II
Kils, U. 1993. Formation of micropatches by zooplankton-driven microturbulences, 53:160–169.In G. A. Paffenhoefer, P. L. Sdonaghay, J. R. Strickler, and S. Richman (eds.), Proceedings of Zooplankton Ecology Symposium, August 21–25, 1991. Lawrence University. Appleton, Wisconsin.
Logerwell, E. A., N. Mantua, P. Lawson, R. C. Francis, and V. Agostini. 2003. Tracking environmental processes in the coastal zone for understanding and predicting Oregon coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) marine survival.Fisheries Oceanography. In press.
Mackas, D., R. Thompson
, andM. Galbraith
. 2001. Changes in the zooplankton community along the NE Pacific continental margin 1985–1998.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
Mantua, N. J., S. R. Hare, Y. Zhang, J. M. Wallace
, andR. C. Francis
. 1997. A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production.Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
McKelvey, D. R. 2001. The use of two frequencies to interpret acoustic scattering layers. M. S. Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Magnusson, A. andR. Hilborn. 2003. Estuarine influence on survival rates of coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha) released from hatcheries on the U.S. Pacific Coast.Estuaries 26:1094–1103.
Mitson, R. B., Y. Simard
. 1996. Use of a two-frequency algorithm to determine size and abundance of plankton in three widely spaced locations.ICES Journal of Marine Science
Myers, R. A.
. 1994. Recruitment variability and oceanographic stability.Fisheries Oceanography
Parrish, R. H., F. B. Schwing
, andR. Mendelssohn
. 2000. Midlatitude wind stress: The energy source for climatic regimes in the North Pacific Ocean.Fisheries Oceanography
Parrish, J. K. andS. G. Zador. 2003. Seabirds as indicators: An exploratory analysis of physical forcing in the Pacific Northwest coastal environment.Estuaries 26:1044–1057.
Peterson, W. D. andD. L. Mackas. 2001. Shifts in zooplankton abundance and species composition off central Oregon and Southwestern British Columbia.PICES Press 9:28.
Pierce, S. D., R. L. Smith, P. M. Kosro, J. A. Barth
, andC. D. Wilson
. 1999. Continuity of the poleward undercurrent along the eastern boundary of the mid-latitude north Pacific.Deep-Sea Research Part II
Polovina, J. J., G. T. Mitchum
, andG. T. Evans
. 1995. Decadal and basin-scale variation in mixed layer depth and the impact on biological production in the Central and North Pacific, 1962–1988.Deep-Sea Research
Reid, D. G. andE. J. Simmonds. 1993. Image analysis techniques for the study of fish school structure from acoustic survey data.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 50:886–893.
Schwing, F. B., C. S. Moore, S. Ralston, andK. M. Sakuma. 1999. Record coastal upwelling in the California current in 1999.CALCOFI Reports 41:148–160.
Schwing, F. B., T. Murphree, L. DeWitt
, andP. M. Green
. 2002. The evolution of oceanic and atmospheric anomalies in the northeast Pacific during the El Niño and La Niña events of 1995–2001.Progress in Oceanography
Stanton, T. K., D. Chu, P. H. Wiebe
, andC. S. Clay
. 1993. Average echoes from randomly oriented random-length finite cylinders: Zooplankton models.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Strub, P. T., P. M. Kosro
, andA. Huyer
. 1991. The nature of cold filaments in the California current system.Journal of Geophysical Research
Swartman, G. L. 1997. Analysis of the summer distribution of fish schools in the Pacific Eastern Boundary Current.Journal of Marine Science 54:105–116.
Swartzman, G. L. 2001. Spatial patterns of Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) shoals and euphausiid patches in the California current ecosystem, p. 495–512.In G. H. Kruse, N. Bez, A. Booth, M. W. Dorn, S. Hills, R. N. Lipcius, D. Pelletier, C. Roy, S. J. Smith, and D. Witherell (eds.), Spatial Processes and Management of Marine Populations. AK-SG-01-02. Alaska Sea Grant. University of Alaska Sea Grant College Program, Fairbanks, Alaska.
Swartzman, G. L., R. D. Brodeur, J. M. Napp, G. L. Hunt, D. Demer, andR. Hewitt. 1999b. Spatial proximity of age-0 walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) to zooplankton near the Pribilof Islands, Bering Sea, Alaska.Journal of Marine Science 56:545–560.
Swartzman, G. L., R. D. Brodeur, J. M. Napp, D. Walsh, R. Hewitt, D. Demer, G. L. Hunt
, andE. Logerwell
. 1999a. Relating spatial distributions of acoustically determined patches of fish and plankton: Image analysis, and viewing and spatial proximity.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
andP. T. Strub
. 2001. Cross-shelf phytoplankton pigment variability in the California current.Continental Shelf Research
Trenberth, K. E. andJ. W. Hurrell. 1995. Decadal coupled atmosphere-ocean variations in the North Pacific Ocean, p. 15–24In R. J. Beamish (ed.), Climate Change and Northern Fish Populations. National Reseach Council of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
Wilson, C. D. andM. A. Guttormsen. 1997. Echo Integrationtrawl Survey of Pacific Whiting,Merluccius productus, off the West Coasts of the United States and Canada during July–September 1995. Technical memo NMFS-AFSC-74. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington.
Wilson, C. D. andM. A. Guttormsen. 1998. Echo Integration-trawl Survey of Pacific Whiting.Merluccius productus, off the West Coasts of the United States and Canada during July–September 1998. Preliminary cruise results F/AKC2:Sd. Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington.