Associations of dominant plant species with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during vegetation development on coal mine spoil banks
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- Rydlová, J. & Vosátka, M. Folia Geobot (2001) 36: 85. doi:10.1007/BF02803141
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Among plants colonizing mine spoil banks in Northern Bohemia the first colonizers, mainly ruderal annuals fromChenopodiaceae andBrassicaceae were found not to be associated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). These species cultivated in pots with soil from four sites in different succession stages of the spoil bank did not respond to the presence of native or non-native AMF. All grass species studied (Elytrigia repens, Calamagrostis epigejos andArrhenatherum elatius) were found moderately colonized in the field and they seemed to be facultative mycotrophs, because their response to mycorrhiza in the experiment was negligible.Carduus acanthoides was found to be highly colonized in the field, however, it did not show growth response to AMF in the pot experiment. The AMF native in four sites on the spoil banks showed high infectivity but low effectiveness in association with colonizing plants compared to the non-native isolateG. fistulosum BEG23. In general, dependence on AMF in the cultivation experiment was rather low, regardless of the fact that plants were found to be associated with AMF either in the field or in pots. Occurrence and effectiveness of mycorrhizal associations might relate primarily to the mycotrophic status of each plant species rather than to the age of the spoil bank sites studied.