, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 433-437

Drug therapy of acute diarrhoea in children—actual practice and recommendations

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Abstract

Forty eight private medical practitioners and fifty six pharmacists were interviewed, using a prepared questionnaire in each group, in an attempt to evaluate the awareness and practice in the treatment of acute diarrhoea in children among private medical practitioners and the role of pharmacists in the dispensing of drugs for diarrhoea in children. 83% of the doctors prescribed an antibacterial agent, 56% prescribed loperamide, 19% of them prescribed diphenoxylate plus atropine while 31% prescribed an absorbent in children for the treatment of acute diarrhoea. Of fifty six pharmacists interviewed, 30 of them sold diphenoxylate on their own and 26 of them honoured a doctor’s prescription of the same. 80% of pharmacists interviewed dispensed loperamide, more than 50% of them dispensed an antibacterial agent while 14% dispensed a binding agent such as pectin or, kaolin for the treatment of acute diarrhoea without a valid prescription from a doctor. We recommend that the pharmaceuticals prominently display the harmful effects in children of drugs such as the antimotility drugs and immediately withdraw from the market, all pediatric preparations of the same.