Measles in India, a neglected problem Authors
Editorial Symposium: Infections Disease
Cite this article as: John, T.J. Indian J Pediatr (1983) 50: 399. doi:10.1007/BF02753381 Abstract
It is extimated that about 21 million preschool children acquire measles virus infection and 16 million develop clinical measles, annually, in India. Casefatality rate vary from 1 to 16 percent, depending upon the availability of health care and the nutritional status. Nearly 10 percent of preschool mortality is caused by measles. It is estimated that 200,000 children die annually in India due to measles or its complications. Measles vaccine is effective and safe, and is urgently needed in India. There is no justification for not including measles immunisation in the Expanded Programme on Immunisation in India. Measles vaccine should be made available, free of cost, to every child, as a first step towards its control.
Key words complications of measles expanded programme on immunisation measles measles vaccine References
Basu RN, Jezek Z, Ward NA:
The eradication of smallpox from India. World Health organisation, SE Asia Regional Office, New Delhi, 1979 p 253
John TJ, Joseph A, George T
: Epidemiology and prevention of measles in rural south Indian.
Indian J Med Res
72: 153, 1980
John TJ, Devarajan LV: Priority for measles vaccine.
10: 57, 1973
Steinhoff MC and John TJ: Appropriate strategy for immunisation of children in India. IV. Measles and its control, priority number one.
Indian J Pediat
49: 303, 1982
Sinha DP: Measles and malnutrition in a West Bengal village.
Trop Geographic Med 29: 125, 1977
Taneja PN, Ghai OP, Bhakoo ON: Importance of measles to India.
Am J Dis Child
103: 226, 1962
Pereira SM, Benjamin V: Measles in a south Indian community.
Trop Geogr Med 24: 125, 1972
Salunke SR, Natu M: Epidemiological investigation of measles an outbreak in Ajiwali.
14: 519, 1977
Garai R, Chakraborty AK: Measles in rural community.
Indian J Pub Health 24: 150, 1980
Siddiqi N, Ghosh S, Berry AM: Natural history of measles in a low income urban community in Delhi.
Indian Pediatr 16: 557, 1974
Dorairajan R. Paramanandam P, Pushpa V, Krishnamurthy KA: Measles and its complications.
Antiseptic 76: 71–73, 1979
Dhanoa J, Cowan B: Measles in the community-A study on non-hospitalised young children.
J Trop Pediatr
28: 59, 1982
Krishnamurthy KA, Anantharaman V: Measles a dangerous disease: A study of 1000 cases in Madurai.
11: 267, 1974
Sinclair S: Vital statistics, India: Report on causes of death, model registration 1969
11: 69, 1974
Sunder Rao PSS, Inbaraj SG:
Longitudinal studies in human reproduction: Perinatal, infant and early childhood mortality in North Arcot District of Tamil Nadu, Monograph 6. Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore: 1972
Gordon JE, Singh S, Wyon B: Causes of death at different ages by sex and by season, in a rural population of Punjab, 1957–1959,
Indian J Med Res
53: 906, 1965
Benjamin V, Jadhav M, Roberts PO: Mass measles vaccination. Experience with live attenuated virus vaccine in and around Vellore.
6: 102, 1969
Ghosh S, Kumar S, Bhargava SK: Antibody titres after measles vaccine.
Indian J Med Res
Dave KH: Efficacy of live measles vaccine in India. Proceedings of Smith Kline-RIT symposium on potency and efficacy of vaccine. Manila, Philippines, 1980
EPI Bulletin Vol. 5, No. i., Meeting of the principal investigators of the measles immunisation project. Directorate General of Health Services, New Delhi, 1982 p 7
John TJ, Jesudoss ES: A survey of measles antibody in children.
10: 65, 1973
Bhatnagar SK, Mohan M, Kumar P
: Optimum age for measles immunisation: Study of pre-and post-immunisation level of HI antibody titres.
18: 625, 1981
Mohan M, Mehta PK, Sehgal S, Prabhakar AK, Bhargava SK: Optimum age of measles immunisation-maternal and transplacentally transmitted measles antibodies in infancy.
18: 631, 1981
John TJ: Optimum age for measles immunisation.
19: 455, 1982
Basu PN: Magnitude of problem of poliomyelitis in India.
18: 507, 1981
PubMed Copyright information
© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1983