Treatment of renal osteodystrophy

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Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is accompanied by disturbances in calcium, phosphate, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) homeostasis known to play an important role in the pathophysiology of renal osteodystrophy. Increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rate among CKD patients, correlates with these disturbances in bone and mineral metabolism and underscores the nephrologist’s concern about the effectiveness of the present therapeutic approach. Treatment directed to normalize the calcium/phosphate, vitamin D and PTH abnormalities may adversely affect endothelial, vascular and bone cells activity. This article discusses the therapeutic approaches focuses for renal osteodystrophy.