Prevention of atopic disorders
- Cite this article as:
- Kumar, L. & Surana, P. Indian J Pediatr (2002) 69: 257. doi:10.1007/BF02734236
Prevention of sensitization, onset of disease and disease exacerbations is a very important aspect of holistic approach towards allergic disorders. The prevalence of allergic or atopic disorders has increased significantly in children over the last three decades. There are significant variations in prevalence between countries and also within many countries. Environmental factors obviously play a major role. Environmental allergens are responsible for sensitisation, disease and exacerbations of disease symptoms. Preventive strategies at each level are important : Primary prevention is to stop the process of sensitisation and secondary prevention to prevent re-exposures or prolonged exposure in those who have become sensitized while tertiary prevention is to reduce or minimise morbidity. Various allergen avoidance measures are discussed, with reference to India so that physicians can incorporate these in the management not only of atopic patients but also as preventive strategy in high risk families.