Altruism towards panhandlers: Who gives?
- Tony L. Goldberg
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This study investigates an example of human altruism which is neither kin-directed nor reciprocal: giving to a panhandler. Data were collected on the proportions of passers-by who gave to panhandlers in Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts. Three hypotheses were tested, each predicting that passers-by should behave “selfishly,” capitalizing on opportunities that, in an evolutionarily appropriate context, could increase mating success. Male passers-by, when alone, gave disproportionately to female panhandlers. Male passers-by, when in the company of a female partner, disproportionately avoided giving to female panhandlers. Male passers-by in the company of a female partner did not “show off” by giving disproportionately to male panhandlers.
- Burt, M. R., and B. E. Cohen 1989 Differences among Homeless Single Women, Women with Children, and Single Men.Social Problems 36:508–524. CrossRef
- Dawkins, R. 1976The Selfish Gene. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Dutton, D. G., and R. A. Lake 1973 Threat of Own Prejudice and Reverse Discrimination in Interracial Situations.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 28:94–100. CrossRef
- Eagley, A. H., and M. Crowley 1986 Gender and Helping Behavior: A Meta-analytic Review of the Social Psychological Literature.Psychological Bulletin 100:283–308. CrossRef
- Emswiller, T., K. Deaux, and J. E. Willits 1971 Similarity, Sex, and Requests for Small Favors.Journal of Applied Social Psychology 1:284–291. CrossRef
- Gibbs, N. R. 1988 Begging: To Give or Not To Give.Time 132:68–74.
- Hamilton, W. D. 1964 The Genetical Evolution of Social Behaviour.Journal of Theoretical Biology 7:1–52. CrossRef
- Hrdy, S. B. 1981The Woman That Never Evolved. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
- Kleinke, C. C. 1977 Effects of Dress on Compliance to Requests in a Field Setting.Journal of Social Psychology 101:223–224. CrossRef
- Kleinke, C. C., S. C. MacIntire, and D. M. Riddle 1978 Sex Differences in Compliance with Legitimate and Illegitimate Requests.Journal of Social Psychology 105:153–154. CrossRef
- Latané, B. 1970 Field Studies of Altruistic Compliance.Representative Research in Social Psychology 1:49–61.
- Latané, B., and J. M. Darley 1970The Unresponsive Bystander: Why Doesn’t He Help? New York: Appleton, Century, Crofts.
- Levitt, L., and R. C. Kornhaber 1977 Stigma and Compliance: A Re-examination.Journal of Social Psychology 103:13–18. CrossRef
- Lockard, J. S., L. L. McDonald, D. A. Clifford, and R. Martinez 1976 Panhandling: Sharing of Resources.Science 191:406–408. CrossRef
- Rosenfield, D., J. Greenberd, R. Folger, and R. Borys 1982 Effect of an Encounter with a Black Panhandler on Subsequent Helping for Blacks: Tokenism or Confirming a Negative Stereotype?Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 8:664–671. CrossRef
- Rossi, P. H., J. D. Wright, G. A. Fischer, and G. Willis 1987 The Urban Homeless: Estimating Composition and Size.Science 235:1336–1341. CrossRef
- Tooby, J., and L. Cosmides 1992 The Psychological Foundations of Culture. InThe Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture, J. H. Barkow, L. Cosmides, and J. Tooby, eds. Pp. 19–136. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Trivers, R. 1971 The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism.Quarterly Review of Biology 46:35–57. CrossRef
- 1985Social Evolution. Menlo Park, California: Benjamin/Cummings.
- Wilson, G. 1991 Exposure to Panhandling and Beliefs about Poverty Causation.Sociology and Social Research 76:14–19.
- Wrangham, R. W. 1980 An Ecological Model of Female-bonded Primate Groups.Behaviour 75:262–300.
- Altruism towards panhandlers: Who gives?
Volume 6, Issue 1 , pp 79-89
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Sex differences
- Tony L. Goldberg (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Peabody Museum, 11 Divinity Avenue, 02138, Cambridge, MA